Trivia Question 6-10-19 Women of Vicksburg

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Wallyfish

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1) Minnesota Memorial - has a figure entitled “Peace”, based on Pax, the Roman goddess of peace.
2) Spirit of Michigan - has a figure of the Greek Goddess Athena.
3) Illinois Memorial -
The tympanum, or triangular area above the six Roman Doric columns, features three female figures.
4) Missouri Memorial - figure of a winged bronze woman representing the “Spirit of the Republic.”
5) Mississippi Memorial - Bronze women
6) Alabama Memorial - has a women in civil war dress



https://visitvicksburg.com/women-of-the-vicksburg-national-military-park
 

Eleanor Rose

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Six of the state memorials at Vicksburg feature the figures of women. They are:

Minnesota Memorial at Stop 3 - On the front of the memorial, mounted on a plinth (plenth), or raised pedestal, is a bronze figure entitled “Peace”, based on Pax, the Roman goddess of peace.

At Stop 4 you will find the second grand goddess of the park: “The Spirit of Michigan”. The lower third of the monument is carved from a 40-ton stone, and is graced by an eight foot “symbolic figure of Michigan bringing laurels to her brave sons.”

The Illinois Memorial at Stop 5 - The tympanum (tim’-pen-um), or triangular area above the six Roman Doric columns, features three female figures.

Stop 12 and the Missouri Memorial - Projecting outward from the stele on a sculpted plinth is the figure of a winged bronze woman representing the “Spirit of the Republic.”

Stop 14 and The Mississippi Memorial

Stop 19 - The central figure of the memorial is A woman in period Civil War dress. She represents Alabama to convey the point that both men and women defended their state.

Source
 
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Oops, I first thought these monuments would honor some of the real women of Vicksburg, but upon rereading, I hope I will now answer correctly, from this source:
https://visitvicksburg.com/women-of-the-vicksburg-national-military-park
  1. Minnesota Memorial - female figure represents Roman Goddess of Peace, Pax
  2. "The Spirit of Michigan" with the female figure representing the Greek Goddess of wisdom, civilization, warfare, strength, strategy, female arts, crafts, justice and skill, and of heroic endeavor, Athena
  3. Illinois Memorial, with thre female figures representing North (Pax), South (Flora) and History (Clio)(the original idea that Valor, Fame and History should be represented was abandoned)
  4. Missouri Memorial with the female figure representing the Spirit of the Republic, based on the Greek Goddess of Victory, Nike
  5. Mississippi Memorial, the female figure again representing Clio, Muse of History
  6. Alabama State Memorial finally showing a woman in Civil War era clothing, representing the State of Alabama itself
Additional sources:
https://www.nps.gov/vick/learn/historyculture/mississippi-memorial.htm

https://www.nps.gov/vick/learn/historyculture/alabama-memorial.htm
 
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DBF

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1. Minnesota Memorial
2. The Spirit of Michigan
3. Illinois Memorial
4. Missouri Memorial
5. The Mississippi Memorial
In all of the above memorials the female depicted is a mythical goddess, the final memorial is not.
6. The State of Alabama Memorial has a replica of a civil war woman tending to the soldiers and is to remind all that both men and women defended their state.
https://visitvicksburg.com/women-of-the-vicksburg-national-military-park
https://www.nps.gov/vick/learn/historyculture/alabama-memorial.htm
 

luinrina

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1) The Minnesota memorial at tour stop 3 - On the front of the memorial is a bronze figure entitled “Peace”, based on Pax, the Roman goddess of peace. Pax is depicted here as a beautiful, radiant young woman holding a sword in her right hand and a shield in her left, symbolizing that both armies have placed their weapons in her keeping.

2) “The Spirit of Michigan” at tour stop 4 - The lower third of the monument is graced by an eight foot “symbolic figure of Michigan bringing laurels to her brave sons.” The figure “Spirit” was modeled after the Greek goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom, civilization, warfare, strength, strategy, female arts, crafts, justice and skill, and of heroic endeavor.

3) The Illinois Memorial at tour stop 5 - The tympanum (tim’-pen-um) features three female figures, the muses of North, South and History. North, the figure on the left, is based upon Pax, the Roman goddess of peace, who has an olive branch in her right hand and across her lap with the shield of the Union cradled in her left arm. The figure on the right represents the South, and is based upon Flora, the Roman goddess of flowers and the season of spring. The agrarian Flora is pictured with her customary garland of flowers. The central figure is based upon Clio, the Greek and Roman goddess of history. As is customary, Clio is portrayed with a writing instrument as she records “the deeds of North and South reunited in Peace.”

4) The Missouri Memorial at tour stop 12 - Projecting outward from the stele on a sculpted plinth is the figure of a winged bronze woman representing the “Spirit of the Republic.” The “Spirit” figure, a beautiful young woman, is based on the Hellenistic Greek goddess of victory, Nike, who was closely associated with the Grecian goddess Athena.

5) The Mississippi Memorial at tour stop 14 - At the monument's front is a statue of Clio, Muse of History.

6) The Alabama Memorial on the south loop of Confederate Avenue - This lady is not based on ancient Greek or Roman figures, instead a woman in period Civil War dress. She represents Alabama to convey the point that both men and women defended their state.

Sources: https://visitvicksburg.com/women-of-the-vicksburg-national-military-park, https://www.nps.gov/vick/learn/historyculture/mississippi-memorial.htm, https://civilwartalk.com/threads/the-state-memorials-at-vicksburg.97846/#post-846666
 
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Wallyfish

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Just to clarify, my Spirit of Michigan answer in my original post refers to the the Michigan State Memorial. I have found sources that call that monument the Spirit of Michigan as well as the Michigan State Memorial. In the spirit of the question, the Michigan State Memorial is a better answer.

Edit - I gave credit for all answers that mentioned the names of the six states whose monuments included the figures of women. I didn't worry about the official formal title of each monument.

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Big Sarge

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Minnesota Memorial at stop 3
Spirit of Michigan at stop 4
Illinois Memorial at stop 5
Missouri Memorial at stop 12
Mississippi Memorial at stop 14
Alabama Memorial at stop 19. Note: "This lady is a bit different from the other ladies of the park in that she is not based on ancient Greek or Roman figures. Instead the central figure of the memorial is A woman in period Civil War dress. She represents Alabama to convey the point that both men and women defended their state."

https://visitvicksburg.com/women-of-the-vicksburg-national-military-park
 
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