12 pounder Whitworth Rifle

frontrank2

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Oct 10, 2012
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Mt. Jackson, Va
The 12 pounder Whitworth Rifle was a medium caliber field gun deployed during the mid-19th century. Designed in the early 1850's by British manufacturer Joseph Whitworth, during the ACW the weapon was exported and saw service in the Union and Confederate armies, though it was considered a rarity. One Whitworth was used in the Confederate defense of Charleston and others were attached to the ANV. The weapon saw some service in the Union army, most notably with the AOP during the Peninsula Campaign.

whitworth.jpg
 

redbob

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Regtl. Staff Shiloh 2020
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Feb 18, 2013
Location
Hoover, Alabama
The 12 pounder Whitworth Rifle was a medium caliber field gun deployed during the mid-19th century. Designed in the early 1850's by British manufacturer Joseph Whitworth, during the ACW the weapon was exported and saw service in the Union and Confederate armies, though it was considered a rarity. One Whitworth was used in the Confederate defense of Charleston and others were attached to the ANV. The weapon saw some service in the Union army, most notably with the AOP during the Peninsula Campaign.

View attachment 419266
Their biggest shortcomings seemed to be the relatively small bursting charge in the shells, unless they had a cage over the primer hole on the breech, they tended to send the primer out like a projectile when the round was fired, the breech mechanism was somewhat finicky and their recoil was very hard on their carriages and axles. It may not seem like it, but I am a big fan of the Whitworths and they were the view of the future as far as Civil War era artillery pieces were concerned.
 
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