08/01, August 1st In Civil War History


Lt. Colonel
Mar 3, 2017
This date in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag

August 1, 1789 - First federal tariff goes into effect (Tariff of 1789)

August 1, 1832 - Alexander Stephens graduates from Franklin College, Athens, Georgia (now part of UGA)

August 1, 1854 - City of Lawrence, Kansas is founded.

August 1, 1856 - Preston S. Brooks is elected to Congress to fill the vacancy he created by resigning.

August 1, 1857 - Utah organizes its militia, the Nauvoo Legion.

August 1, 1861 - Tennessee votes to adopt the Constitution of the Confederate States of America.

August 1, 1861 - Arnold Elzey, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.

August 1, 1861 - Lawrence Pike Graham, USA, is appointed Brig. Gen.

August 1, 1861 - Police Commissioner Charles Howard addresses US War Secretary, Simon Cameron, and Bvt. Lieut. General Winfield Scott, protesting against the alleged harsh treatment of the political prisoners at Fort Lafayette, MD.

August 1, 1861 - Skirmish at Edina, MO.

August 1, 1861 - After his capture of Fort Fillmore, New Mexico Territory, on Jul 26, Capt. John Baylor, CSA, declares that all the territory in New Mexico and Arizona south of the 34th parallel, belongs to the Confederacy.

August 1, 1861 - Gen. Robert Edward Lee, CSA, is ordered to take command of the Confederate forces in West Virginia, by order of President Jefferson Davis, following Jul 13 at Carrick's Ford, WV; Lee replaces Brig. Gen. William W. Loring.

August 1, 1862 - The following are appointed Union Brigadier Generals:
Michael Corcoran, USA
George Crook, USA
James Irvin Gregg, USA

August 1, 1862 - Skirmish near Carrollton, MO.

August 1, 1862 - Skirmish at Forsythe, or Ozark, MO, with guerrillas.

August 1, 1862 - Skirmish at Grand River, MO.

August 1, 1862 - Skirmish at Barnett's Ford, near Harrison's Landing, VA.

August 1, 1863 - Federal forces begin a prolonged bombardment of entrenchments around Charleston Harbor, South Carolina.

August 1, 1863 - David Dixon Porter assumes command of federal Navy forces on the Mississippi River.

August 1, 1863 - James Lawlor Kiernan, USA, is appointed Brig. Gen.

August 1, 1863 - The advance of the Union forces upon Little Rock, AR. (Aug 1-Sep 14)

August 1, 1863 - Brig. Gen. John Wynn Davidson's, USA, Cavalry Division moves from Wittsburg to Clarendon, AR. (Aug 1-8)

August 1, 1863 - Federal expedition from Columbus to Hickman, KY.

August 1, 1863 - Skirmish at Smith's Shoals, Cumberland River, KY, as Col. John S. Scott, CSA, crosses back into Tennessee after capturing weapons, supplies, and destroying bridges.

August 1, 1863 - Skirmish at Taylor's Farm, on the Little Blue River, MO.

August 1, 1863 - Affair at Round Ponds, near the Castor River, MO, with Union men killed in their sleep, their wagon train burned, and horses stolen by guerrillas.

August 1, 1863 - Action at Brandy Station, VA, between Cavalry forces.

August 1, 1863 - Federal expedition from Warrenton Junction toward the Blue Ridge Mountains, VA, with the capture of some of Maj. John S. Mosby's, CSA, men. (Aug 1-8)

August 1, 1863 - The 4th and 7th US Army Corps are discontinued.

August 1, 1864 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.

August 1, 1864 - Philip Henry Sheridan [US] is named commander, Army of the Shenandoah.

August 1, 1864 - Powell Clayton, USA, is appointed Brig. Gen.

August 1, 1864 - Federal operations in Eastern Arkansas, with skirmish (Aug 1) at Lamb's Plantation, near Helena, with guerrillas. (Aug 1-5)

August 1, 1864 - Federal scout against Indians on the Smoky Hill Fork, KS. From present indications, the Yankees believe the Indians are upon the Saline, Solomon, and Republican Rivers, as the buffalo are plenty upon these streams, and they depend entirely upon them for a living. (Aug 1-5)

August 1, 1864 - Federal scout to Baxter Springs, KS, with skirmish, where after a few shots, the Confederates are routed.

August 1, 1864 - Operations in Eastern Kentucky pits Brig. Gen. Napoleon B. Buford, USA, against Brig. Gen. Joseph O. Shelby, CSA, with skirmishes near:
Bardstown (Aug 1) and
near New Haven, KY. (Aug 2)
(Aug 1-31)

August 1, 1864 - The Confederates attack Cumberland, MD, as the Union Cavalry under Brig. Gen. William W. Averell, USA, closes in on Brig. Gen. John McCausland, CSA.

August 1, 1864 - Affair at Flintstone Creek, MD.

August 1, 1864 - Federal operations in Southwest Missouri, under Brig. Gen. John Sanborn, USA, commanding the District of Southwest Missouri, with skirmishes:
at Diamond Grove Prairie (Aug 1)
at Rutledge (Aug 4)
near ' and on Buffalo Creek (Aug 7).
(Aug 1-28)

August 1, 1864 - Federal scout on the Independence road to Gunter's Mills, MO, near Pleasant Hill, MO. (Aug 1-3)

August 1, 1864 - Skirmishes near Independence, MO, as Maj. Gen. Alfred Pleasonton, USA, commanding the District of Western Missouri reports his men overrunning 2 Rebel camps.

August 1, 1864 - Skirmish at Rolla, MO.

August 1, 1864 - The pursuit of the Confederates forces who attacked Athens, TN, into North Carolina, and skirmishes:
at Athens, TN, (Aug 1), and
near Murphy, NC, (Aug 2)
(Aug 1-3)

August 1, 1864 - Federal expedition from La Grange, TN, to Oxford, MS. (Aug 1-30)

August 1, 1864 - Federal scout from Strawberry Plains to Greeneville, TN, with instructions to destroy the railroad bridges over the Hoston and Wataugo River, and skirmish at Morristown, TN. (Aug 2) (Aug 1-5)

August 1, 1864 - Skirmish at Deep Bottom, VA, the Richmond, VA, Campaign.

August 1, 1865 - George Leonard Andrews, U.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.

August 1, 1865 - Affairs with Indians at Big Laramie and Little Laramie, the Dakota Territory.


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August 1, 1863 - Skirmish at Taylor's Farm, on the Little Blue River, MO.

August 1, 1863 - Affair at Round Ponds, near the Castor River, MO, with Union men killed in their sleep, their wagon train burned, and horses stolen by guerrillas.
One of these days,I will get into some reading about CW Missouri and take a trip there. It was a rough place to be in the War. I've never been to Missouri.


Brigadier General
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Apr 11, 2016
South Carolina
August 1st​ Civil War Events:

August 1, 1861 (This Day fell on a Thursday):
  • General Lee arrived in western Virginia on an uncertain mission.
  • John R. Baylor proclaimed all of New Mexico in the name of Confederacy.
  • President Davis wrote General Johnston on military matters.
  • US Senate debated a bill to suppress insurrection and sedition.
  • President Lincoln appointed Gustavus V. Fox Assistant Secretary of Navy.
August 1, 1862 (This Day fell on a Friday):
  • Skirmishing took place at Ozark, Grand River, and Carrollton Missouri. Also taking place at Barnett’s Ford Virginia.
  • President Davis wrote General Lee protesting against alleged atrocities to civilians and soldiers and the arming of slaves by Federal authorities.
  • United States Official in South Carolina announced the issuance of papers indicating their freedom to Negro Soldiers not enlisted.
August 1, 1863 (This Day fell on a Saturday):
  • Cavalry fighting took place in Brandy Station Virginia.
  • In Kentucky there was a small expedition by the North from Columbus to Hickman and a skirmish at Smith’s Shoals.
  • In Charleston harbor federals began the build – up for an attack on Battery Wagner and Fort Sumter.
  • US War Department disbanded the Fourth and Seventh Army Corps.
  • USN Admiral David D. Porter assumed naval command on the Mississippi River. Porter encouraged legal river trade.
August 1, 1864 (This Day fell on a Monday):
  • Today marks the anniversary of the Battle of Folck’s Mill. This battle is also known as the Battle of Cumberland. The battle took place in Allegany County Maryland. The result of the battle was inconclusive. Confederate Commander was Brig. General John McCausland commanding two brigades. Confederate Army casualties were 20 – 25 killed and 40 – 50 wounded. Union Army Commander was Brig. General Benjamin F. Kelley commanding a force of three regiments. Union Army casualties and losses were 2 killed and 3 wounded.
  • There was an affair at Flintstone Creek near Cumberland
  • Major General Philip Sheridan was named Commander of the Union Army of the Shenandoah with a special task of ridding the Valley of Early and all Confederates.
  • Siege Continued in the Richmond – Petersburg Virginia area.
  • Skirmishing occurred at Deep Bottom Virginia.
  • Sherman’s guns shelled Atlanta Georgia.