04/30, April 30th In Civil War History

Jimklag

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This date in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag

April 30, 1789 - Washington inaugurated as first President of the United States under the Constitution.

April 30, 1803 - President Thomas Jefferson agrees to buy Louisiana from the French for $11,250,000 plus assumption of up to $3,750,000 in claims of U. S. citizens against France.

April 30, 1824 - Congress passes the General Survey Bill, allowing the President to authorize the survey of internal improvements. The bill was opposed by the North and Deep South. It marked the first time that Western interests succeeded in putting together a majority on a major bill.

April 30, 1858 - The English Bill passes both houses of Congress - it offered land and other considerations to Kansas if the voters of Kansas would approve the Lecompron Constitution. The Lecomption Constitution as modified by the English Bill is overwhelmingly defeated.

April 30, 1861 - Robert Selden Garnett, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.

April 30, 1861 - President Lincoln orders the Federal troops to evacuate the forts in the Indian Territory, leaving the following Indian Nations under the jurisdiction of the Confederate States:
Cherokee Indian Nation
Chickasaw Indian Nation
Choctaw Indian Nation
Creek Indian Nation
Seminole Indian Nation

April 30, 1861 - Fort Washita, the Indian Territory, is abandoned by Lieut. Col. William H. Emory, 1st US Cavalry, as he Marches his troops north toward Fort Leavenworth, KS.

April 30, 1861 - Maj. Caleb C. Sibley's, USA, detachment of paroled US troops sail for New York, from Texas.

April 30, 1862 - Abram Sanders Piatt, USA, is appointed Brig. Gen.

April 30, 1862 - The Reorganization by General Halleck of the Union Armies of the Mississippi, with the following command assignments:
Maj. Gen. George Henry Thomas, Right Wing
Maj. Gen. John Pope, Left Wing
Maj. Gen. John Alexander McClernand, Reserve Wing
Maj. Gen. Don Carlos Buell, commands Army of the Ohio
Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, overall 2nd in command

April 30, 1862 - Maj. Gen. Thomas J. Stonewall Jackson, CSA, moves toward Staunton from Elk Run, near Swift Run Gap, Shenandoah Valley, VA.

April 30, 1863 - Army of the Potomac forces set up camp in The Wilderness surrounding the Chancellor family home after crossing the Rappahannock River, Virginia

April 30, 1863 - Abel Streight [US] fights a pitched battle at Day's Gap, Alabama.

April 30, 1863 - About noon, Ulysses S. Grant begins crossing the Mississippi and landing U. S. troops south of Vicksburg, Mississippi.

April 30, 1863 - Actions at Day's Gap, or Sand Mountain, Crooked Creek, and Hog Mountain, AL, with Col. Abel D. Streight's, USA, raid.

April 30, 1863 - Attack near Oak Camp, CA, as Indians ambush and capture a US Government pack train about 13 miles from Fort Gaston.

April 30, 1863 - Skirmish at Fort Gibson, the Indian Territory.

April 30, 1863 - Skirmish at Bloomfield, MO, with Brig. Gen. John S. Marmaduke, CSA.

April 30, 1863 - Skirmishes at and near Chancellorsville, VA, as Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker, USA, and the Army of the Potomac, make camp.

April 30, 1863 - Skirmish at Raccoon Ford, VA, with Maj. Gen. George Stoneman, USA.

April 30, 1863 - Skirmish near Spotsylvania Court-House, VA.

April 30, 1863 - Skirmish at Bridgeport, WV, with Brig. Gen. William E. "Grumble" Jones, CSA.

April 30, 1864 - Battle of Jenkin's Ferry, Arkansas.

April 30, 1864 - Jefferson Davis's son Joe dies following a fall from the Confederate White House.

April 30, 1864 - Mosby Monroe Parsons, C.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.

April 30, 1864 - Skirmish at Decatur, AL, with Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson, USA, Commanding the US Army of the Tennessee.

April 30, 1864 - The Engagement (Rear-Guard) at Jenkins' Ferry, Saline River, AR, the Camden (AR) Campaign.

April 30, 1864 - Brig. Gen. William Read Scurry, CSA, is mortally wounded at the engagement at Jenkins' Ferry, AR, where he bled to death, refusing to be taken from the battlefield to surgeons who probably could have saved his life.

April 30, 1864 - Brig. Gen. Samuel Allen Rice, USA, is severely wounded at the engagement at Jenkins' Ferry, AR, having his ankle bone shattered by a Confederate minieball.

April 30, 1864 - Skirmish at Whitmore's Mill, AR, the Camden (AR) Campaign.

April 30, 1864 - Federal expedition from Memphis, TN, to Ripley, MS, and skirmish (May 2) at Bolivar, TN, with Brig. Gen. Samuel D. Sturgis, USA. (Apr 30-May 9)

April 30, 1865 - Federal operations in the vicinity of Brashear City, LA, with skirmishes at:
Chacahoula (May 3)
Bayou Black (May 4)
Bayou Goula (May 9)
Brown's Plantation (May 11).

April 30, 1865 - Maj. Gen. Edward R. S. Canby, USA, meets with Lieut. Gen. Richard Taylor, CSA, near Mobile, AL, to agree upon an end to hostilities and the surrender of the remaining Confederate forces in Alabama and Mississippi.

April 30, 1865 - President Abraham Lincoln's funeral train arrives at Indianapolis, IN.
 

bdtex

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April 30, 1865 - Maj. Gen. Edward R. S. Canby, USA, meets with Lieut. Gen. Richard Taylor, CSA, near Mobile, AL, to agree upon an end to hostilities and the surrender of the remaining Confederate forces in Alabama and Mississippi.

April 30, 1865 - President Abraham Lincoln's funeral train arrives at Indianapolis, IN.
I've never really looked into, because I haven't thought much about it until now. I wonder how smooth the other surrenders,stacking of arms and furling of colors went after Appomattox? I imagine Union commanders and soldiers were in a very foul mood after Pres. Lincoln was assassinated.
 
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