04/23, April 23rd In Civil War History


Lt. Colonel
Mar 3, 2017
This date in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag

April 23, 1784 - Congress approves the Territorial Ordinance of 1784, governing the Northwest Territories, although a ban on slavery is defeated. Written by Thomas Jefferson, this ordinance would heavily influence the Ordinance of 1787 (Northwest Ordinance). The ordinance is never put into effect.

April 23, 1791 - James Buchanan born, Cove Gap near Mercersburg, Pennsylvania

April 23, 1813 - Stephen A. Douglas born, Brandon, Rutland County, VT.

April 23, 1846 - Congress authorizes the termination of the agreement with Great Britain on the Oregon Territory.

April 23, 1858 - In an attempt to force the acceptance of the Lecompton (Kansas) Constitution, a joint committee of Congress drafts the English Bill.

April 23, 1860-May 3, 1860 - The Democratic National Convention, meeting in Charleston, South Carolina, cannot agree on a nominee. The only thing they can agree on is to continue the debate in Baltimore the next month.

April 23, 1861 - Brig. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler, USA, offers to use US troops in co-operation with the Governor of Maryland to repress an apprehended slave insurrection there.

April 23, 1861 - Col. Carlos A. Waite, USA, commanding the Dept. of Texas, and his staff officers, are made prisoners of war at San Antonio, along with a company of the 8th US Infantry.

April 23, 1861 - Maj. Gen. Robert E. Lee, VA Volunteers is assigned to the command of the military and naval forces in the Confederate State of Virginia.

April 23, 1861 - Maj. Gen. Walter Gwynn, VA Volunteers, is assigned to the command of the Virginia state forces in and about Norfolk, VA.

April 23, 1861 - Maj. Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, VA Volunteers, is assigned to the command of the Virginia state forces in and about Richmond, VA.

April 23, 1861 - George McClellan appointed Major General of the Ohio militia.

April 23, 1861 - Federal troops withdraw from Fort Smith, Arkansas.

April 23, 1861 - Nominated by Governor Letcher of Virginia and approved by the Assembly on the previous day, Robert E. Lee assumes command of Virginia's militia

April 23, 1861 - Virginia secessionist convention ratifies a temporary union with the Confederacy and accepts the Southern Constitution, subject to approval of the ordnance of secession.

April 23, 1862 - Skirmish at Bridgeport, AL.

April 23, 1862 - Federal forces successfully blockade the Chesapeake and Albemarle Canal, NC.

April 23, 1862 - Skirmish at Grass Lick, between Lost River and Cacapon, WV, with guerrillas.

April 23, 1863 - Skirmishes at Dickson Station, Tuscumbia, Florence, and Leighton, AL.
April 23, 1863 - Skirmish near Creek Head, KY.

April 23, 1863 - Skirmish at Independence, MO.

April 23, 1863 - Skirmish on the Shelbyville Pike, TN.

April 23, 1863 - Affair at Chuckatuck, near Suffolk, VA.

April 23, 1864 - Battle of Monet's Ferry; Battle of Cane River Crossing - Nathaniel Banks' retreating federal column is harassed by Confederates.

April 23, 1864 - William Henry Fitzhugh Lee, C.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen. James Chesnut, Jr., is appointed Brig. Gen.

April 23, 1864 - The Confederate demonstration on Camden, AR, the Camden (AR) Campaign.

April 23, 1864 - Affair at Swan Lake, AR, the Camden (AR) Campaign.

April 23, 1864 - Confederate surprise attack on the Union pickets at Nickajack Trace, GA, killing, wounding and capturing the Yankees.

April 23, 1864 - Skirmish at Independence, MO.

April 24, 1864 - Maj. Gen. Frank P. Blair, Jr, USA, is assigned to the command of the 17th US Army Corps, TN.

April 23, 1864 - Affair near Hunter's Mills, Fairfax County, VA, which is only about 20 miles from Washington, DC, with Lieut. Col. John S. Mosby, CSA, and his Partisan Rangers.

April 23, 1865 - Brig. Gen. James Dearing, CSA, is the last of the Confederate General to die from wounds received in action, from a pistol duel with a Federal Bvt. Brig. Gen. Theodore Read, USA, on Apr 6, dying in a hospital at Lynchburg, VA.

April 23, 1865 - Action at Munford's Station, AL, with Maj. Gen. James H. Wilson, USA.

April 23, 1865 - Skirmish with guerrillas on the Snake Creek, the Arizona Territory.

April 23, 1865 - Affair near Fort Zarah, KS, as the Yankees come across 5 Mexicans murdered by hostile Indians, with 4 having been scalped.

April 23, 1865 - Action at Hendersonville, NC, with Maj. Gen. George Stoneman, USA, and his Union Cavalry.

April 23, 1865 - Federal scout from Pulaski, TN, to Rogersville, AL. (Apr 23-26)

April 23, 1865 - Federal expedition from Burkeville and Petersburg to Danville and South Boston, VA, as Maj. Gen. Horatio G. Wright, USA, commanding the 6th US Army Corps and his cavalry under Bvt. Maj. Gen. Wesley Merritt, USA, capture 500 prisoners, the few remaining Confederate railroad locomotives, cannons, and other military stores. (Apr 23-29)

April 25, 1865 - The Headquarters of the Middle Military Division is transferred from Winchester, VA, to Washington, DC, closing the events taking place in the Shenandoah Valley, VA.