04/22, April 22nd In Civil War History


Lt. Colonel
Mar 3, 2017
This date in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag

April 22, 1861 - The Governor of Arkansas, Henry M. Rector, refuses to furnish the quota of militia requested by President Abraham Lincoln.

April 22, 1861 - Illinois state militia troops occupy Cairo, IL, at the junction of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers.

April 22, 1861 - The US Arsenal at Fayetteville, NC, is seized by the North Carolina state troops.

April 22, 1861 - The Clarksburg (present-day West Virginia) Convention calls for a anti-secessionist convention to be held in May, 1861

April 22, 1861 - Maryland Governor Thomas Holliday Hicks calls a session of the Maryland legislature to consider secession.

April 22, 1862 - The Confederate capture of Union launches belonging to the USS Arthur, in Arkansas Pass, TX.

April 22, 1862 - Harrisonburg, VA, is occupied by Union forces.

April 22, 1862 - The Federal occupation of, and skirmish near, Luray, VA, by Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks, USA.

April 22, 1862 - Maj. Gen. William Buel Franklin's, USA, Division arrives at Yorktown, VA.

April 22, 1863 - William Henry Chase Whiting, CSA, is appointed Maj. Gen.
Henry De Lamar Clayton, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.

April 22, 1863 - Action at Rock Cut, near Tuscumbia, AL, with Brig. Gen. Grenville Dodge, USA, being defeated by Confederate forces.

April 22, 1863 - Skirmish on the Bayou Boeuf Road, near Washington, LA.

April 22, 1863 - The passage of the Vicksburg and Warrenton, MS, batteries by Union transports, after which President Jefferson Davis, CSA, suggests that Lieut. Gen. John Clifford Pemberton, CSA, send fire rafts down the Mississippi River, from Vicksburg, to obstruct the Union advance.

April 22, 1863 - Skirmish at Fredericktown, MO, with Brig. Gen. John S. Marmaduke, CSA.

April 22, 1863 - Skirmish at Hartsville, TN.

April 22, 1863 - Operations in the Shenandoah Valley, VA. (Apr 22-May 16)

April 22, 1863 - Skirmish at Fisher's Hill, near Strasburg, VA, with a Confederate defeat by Union Majors McGee and White, USA.

April 22, 1863 - Federal expedition from Belle Plain to Port Conway and Port Royal, VA, with the capture of a wagon train and some mail. (Apr 22-24)

April 22, 1863 - Skirmish at Point Pleasant, WV.

April 22, 1863 - Comprehensive "tax-in-kind" plan passed by the Confederate Senate. It required 10 percent of everything produced or grown be given to the Confederate government.

April 22, 1864 - The motto "In God We Trust" approved for US coinage (Coinage Act of 1864)

April 22, 1864 - Maj. Gen. Joseph Gilbert Totten, USA, dies at Washington, DC, from pneumonia.

April 22, 1864 - Richard Delafield, USA, is appointed Brig. Gen.

April 22, 1864 - Federal expedition from Jacksonport to Augusta, AR, and skirmish near Jacksonport. (Apr 22-24)

April 22, 1864 - Affair 18 miles above Cotton Plant, AR.

April 22, 1864 - Skirmishes at and near Cloutierville, LA, as Brig. Gen. Hamilton Bee, CSA, contests the Union withrawal under Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks, USA. (Apr 22-24)

April 22, 1864 - Attack on the Union transports in the Red River, near Tunica Bend, LA, the Red River (LA) Campaign.

April 22, 1864 - Skirmish on the Duck River, TN.

April 22, 1865 - Union troops, under Brig. Gen. James H. Wilson, USA, occupy Talladega, AL.

April 22, 1865 - Federal scout from Deer Creek to Sage Creek, the Dakota Territory, and skirmish with Indians (Apr 22) on the Sage Creek with encounter with Cheyenne and Sioux Indians. The Indians, attacking at night, are driven off; losses can't be determined as the Indians carry off all dead and wounded. (Apr 22-23)
April 22, 1865 - Skirmish at Buzzard Roost, GA, with Brig. Gen. James H. Wilson, USA, and his Union cavalry.

April 22, 1865 - Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks, USA, resumes the command of the Dept. of the Gulf, LA.

April 22, 1865 - Skirmish with guerrillas near the mouth of the Big Gravois, MO, near the Osage.

April 22, 1865 - Skirmish near Linn Creek, MO, where the Yankees kill several guerrillas.

April 22, 1865 - Federal scout against Indians from Dakota City, the Nebraska Territory, to Middle Bow River. (Apr 22-27)

April 22, 1865 - Skirmish at Howard's Gap, Blue Ridge Mountains, NC, with Maj. Gen. George Stoneman, USA.

April 22, 1865 - Maj. Gen. Henry W. Halleck, USA, assumes the command of the Military Division of the James, VA.

April 22, 1866 - Cholera epidemic begins in New York when an infected passenger arrives in New York.


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Jul 21, 2015
Gen. Banks was quite fortunate that he had political connections.