04/20, April 20th In Civil War History


Lt. Colonel
Mar 3, 2017
This date in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag

April 20, 1861 - The burning of the railroad bridges is ordered by the Mayor of Baltimore, to prevent the passage of Union troops through Baltimore, MD. (Apr 20-26)

April 20, 1861 - Brig. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler, USA, with the 4th MA, arrives at Annapolis, MD, to support Fortress Monroe, VA.

April 20, 1861 - The US Arsenal at Liberty, MO, is seized by state forces.

April 20, 1861 - Robert E. Lee resigns his commission in the United States Army

April 20, 1861 - Federal troops scuttle ships at the Gosport Naval Yard and evacuate Norfolk, Virginia

April 20, 1861 - In Guyandotte, VA a West Virginia meeting calls for the state to approve the actions of the Virginia legislature.

April 20, 1862 - Henry Prince, USA, is appointed Brig. Gen.

April 20, 1862 - Men from the USS Itasca and the USS Pinola employ a night raid to remove some of the Confederate river obstructions below Forts Jackson and St. Philip, Mississippi River, near New Orleans, LA.

April 20, 1862 - Maj. Gen. Irvin McDowell, USA, meets Abraham Lincoln near Fredericksburg, VA, on the Aquia Creek, and travels with the President to Washington, DC.

April 20, 1862 - The Federal blockade on the Rappahannock River report capturing the following Confederate vessels: Eureka, Falcon, Lookout, Monterey, Reindeer, Roundout, Sarah Ann, Sea Flower, and the Sydney Jones.

April 20, 1863 - Butte-a-la-Rose, LA, is captured by the Union fleet.

April 20, 1863 - Opelousas and Washington, LA, are occupied by the Union army, under Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks, USA.

April 20, 1863 - Skirmish at Bloomfield, MO.

April 20, 1863 - Skirmish at Patterson, MO, with Brig. Gen. John S. Marmaduke, CSA.

April 20, 1863 - Skirmish at Sandy Ridge, NC, with Maj. Gen. D. H. Hill, CSA.

April 20, 1863 - Federal expedition from Murfreesboro to McMinnville, TN, including the destruction of the McMinnville to Manchester Railroad, etc. (Apr 20-30)

April 20, 1863 - Federal expedition from Belle Plain to Port Conway and Port Royal, VA. (Apr 20-23)

April 20, 1863 - Federal reconnaissance from Winchester toward Wardenville and Strasburg, VA, and skirmish, with loss of Life.

April 20, 1863 - Brig. Gen. John Imboden's, CSA, Confederate expedition into West Virginia, including skirmishes:
at Beverly, (Apr 24)
at Janelew, (May 5)
near Summerville, WV. (May 12).
(Apr 20-May 14)

April 20, 1863 - Lincoln proclaims that West Virginia would join the Union on June 20, 1863

April 20, 1863 - Brigadier General Robert Hoke [CS] captures Plymouth and the 2800 man Union garrison stationed there.

April 20, 1864 - Robert Frederick Hoke, C.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.

April 20, 1864 - James Blair Steedman, U.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.

April 20, 1864 - Skirmish near Camden, AR, the Camden (AR) Campaign.

April 20, 1864 - The Confederate attack on Jacksonport, AR, is repelled.

April 20, 1864 - Skirmishes about Natchitoches, LA, on the Red River, the Red River (LA) Campaign. (Apr 20-21)

April 20, 1864 - Skirmish at Waterproof, LA.

April 20, 1864 - Federal expedition from Fort Dalles, Oregon, and from Fort Walla Walla, Washington Territory, to Southeastern Oregon, with skirmishes with Indians, including the Snake Indians (Jun 18), the Federals destroying all their lodges, capturing all their horses, etc., the Cayuse Indians assisting the Yankees. (Apr 20-Oct 26)

April 20, 1864 - Gen. P. G. T. Beauregard, CSA, is superseded by Maj. Gen. Samuel Jones, CSA, in the command of the Confederate Dept. of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida.

April 20, 1864 - The War Department announces a reduction in the amount of rations received by Confederate prisoners in response to reports of mistreatment of Union prisoners

April 20, 1864 - General P. G. T. Beauregard [CS] is relieved of command of the Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida so he can assume command of the Richmond (Virginia) defenses.

April 20, 1864 - Culminating a three-day attack that included the appearance of the new Confederate ironclad ram Albemarle, General R. F. Hoke captures Plymouth, North Carolina and a large amount of badly needed supplies. Federal losses totaled 2800 men.

April 20, 1865 - The Union troops under Brig. Gen. James H. Wilson, USA, occupy Macon, GA, as well as skirmishing at the following places:
at Montpelier Springs, AL
at Rocky Creek Bridge, AL
at Mimm's Mills, on the Tobesofkee Creek, GA
near Spring Hill, GA

April 20, 1865 - Arkansas becomes the 19th state to ratify the 13th amendment, abolishing slavery.

April 20, 1865 - Bvt. Brig. Gen. Guy V. Henry, 40th Massachusetts Infantry, assumes the command of the South Sub-District of the Plains.

April 20, 1865 - Gen. Robert E. Lee, CSA, writes to President Jefferson Davis of his opposition to Davis' idea of transforming the struggle for Southern independence into guerrilla warfare.