This date in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
April 19, 1861 - Southern sympathizers in Baltimore cut telegraph lines and bridges to Washington, D. C. While passing through the city, the 6th Massachusetts Regiment is attacked. They open fire on a crowd. When the dust settles, three soldiers and one civilian were dead, the first casualties during fighting in the Civil War.
April 19, 1861 - Maj. Gen. Robert Patterson, PA Militia, is assigned to the command over the States of Delaware, Pennsylvania, Maryland and the District of Columbia.
April 19, 1861 - Surprising most people, Lincoln calls for a blockade of Southern ports, a major element of Winfield Scott's Anaconda Plan
April 19, 1861 - Virginia forces take control of Harpers Ferry West Virginia
April 19, 1861 - Federal marshals seize records of telegraphs sent from major northern cities, leading to the arrest of southern sympathizers.
April 19, 1962 - Skirmish at Talbot's Ferry, near Yellville, AR, with the Federal destruction of Confederate salt works.
April 19, 1861 - Engagement at South Mills, or Camden, Camden County, NC, with Brig. Gen. Jesse L. Reno, USA, under Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside, USA, and Maj. Gen. Benjamin Huger, CSA.
April 19, 1862 - Skirmish on the Trent Road, NC.
April 19, 1862 - Brig. Gen. Rufus Saxton, USA, is assigned to special duty in the Dept. of the South, SC.
April 19, 1862 - Skirmish on Edisto Island, SC.
April 19, 1862 - Skirmish on the South Fork of the Shenandoah River, near Luray, VA.
April 19, 1862 - Federal occupation of Sparta, VA, by Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks, USA
April 19, 1862 - The CSA Joint Committee on Flag and Seal backs the flag proposed earlier by Barnwell Rhett. The Confederate House eventually tables the design.
April 19, 1863 - Skirmish at Dickson Station, AL.
April 19, 1863 - Skirmish at Celina, KY, with the rout of the Confederates, destruction of their camp and capture of 100,000 Ibs. of bacon, as well as other provisions.
April 19, 1863 - Skirmish at Creelsborough, KY.
April 19, 1863 - Skirmish at Pontotoc, MS, with Col. Benjamin H. Grierson, USA.
April 19, 1863 - Federal scout near Neosho, MO, and skirmish with bushwhackers. (Apr 19-20)
April 19, 1863 - Skirmish at Big Swift Creek, NC, with Maj. Gen. D.H. Hill, CSA.
April 19, 1863 - Skirmish at Trenton, TN.
April 19, 1863 - The Federal capture of Battery Huger, Hill's Point, on the Nansemond River, near Suffolk, VA.
April 19, 1863 - President Abraham Lincoln travels with Maj. Gen. Henry W. Halleck, USA, and Secretary of War, Edwin Stanton to Aquia Creek on a military fact finding mission.
April 19, 1863 - The Nebraska Territory enabling act, the first step in statehood, is signed into law.
April 19, 1864 - Confederate operations against Unionists in Marion County, AL, as the Texas Cavalry captures a good many Union conscripts and Rebel deserters.
April 19, 1864 - Skirmish on King's River, AR. The Yankees lose a small wagon train and men. The Rebels lose a good many more men.
April 19, 1864 - Federal expedition up the Yazoo River, MS, with skirmishes at and near Mechanicsburg, with the capture of the US gun-boat, Petrel (or Gunboat No. 5); Gunboat No. 11 (or Prairie Bird) also participating in the expedition. (Apr 19-23)
April 19, 1864 - Skirmishes near Charleston, MO, with guerrillas. (Apr 19-20)
April 19, 1864 - The Union blockade ship, the USS Southfield, is rammed and sunk by the Confederate ram, the CSS Albemarle, off the coast of Plymouth, NC. The USS Miami is disabled.
April 19, 1864 - Skirmishes at Waterhouse's Mill and Boiling Springs, TN, with Union pickets repelling Confederate Cavalry strikes. (Apr 19-20)
April 19, 1864 - Affair at Leesburg, VA, with Lieut. Col. John S. Mosby, CSA; as usual, some Union men meet with death as Mosby interrupts a Union wedding party celebration taking place, leaving greetings for the Federal troops with the Pro-Union citizens living in the area.
April 19, 1864 - Affair at Marling's Bottom, Pocahontas County, WV. The routed Federals flee toward Beverly, WV.
April 19, 1865 - The nation mourns U. S. President Abraham Lincoln as he lies in state in the capitol in Washington, D. C.
April 19, 1865 - The Confederate Districts of Arkansas and West Louisiana are consolidated to form the District of Arkansas and West Louisiana, and Lieut. Gen. Simon B. Buckner, CSA, is assigned to its command.
April 19, 1865 - Skirmish near Barnesville, GA, with Brig. Gen. James H. Wilson, USA, and his Union Cavalry.
April 19, 1865 - Federal expedition from Terre Bonne to Pelton's Plantation and Grand Cailou, LA, in search of Confederates. (Apr 19-25)
April 19, 1865 - The negotiations for the surrender of the Confederate forces in the Trans-Mississippi Dept., that are commanded by Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith, CSA, are presented by Maj. Gen. John Pope, USA, commanding the Military Division of the Missouri. (Apr 19-May 27)
April 19, 1865 - Federal expedition with the 3rd US Colored Infantry, from Memphis, TN, aboard the steamers, Sallie List, Dove, and Pocahontas, to Brownsville, MS. The area is infested with insects as 8 horses die from buffalo gnats. (Apr 19-23)
April 19, 1865 - President Jefferson Davis and his fleeing entourage arrive at Charlotte, NC.
April 19, 1865 - Maj. Gen. Lewis Wallace, USA, resumes the command of the Middle Dept. VA.
April 19, 1865 - The Military Division of the James is organized, to consist of the Dept. of Virginia and such parts of North Carolina not occupied by the command of Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, and Maj. Henry W. Halleck, USA, is assigned to its command.
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