04/15, April 15th In Civil War History


Lt. Colonel
Mar 3, 2017
This date in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag

April 15, 1793 - [circa] Eli Whitney invents the cotton gin.

April 15, 1861 - Fort Macon, NC, is seized by the North Carolina state troops.

April 15, 1851 - The Governors of Kentucky and North Carolina refuse to furnish any militia to the United States.

April 15, 1861 - Fort Sumter, SC, is evacuated by the Federal forces, under Maj. Robert Anderson, USA. In the firing of a final salute to the US flag, an explosion of gunpowder occurs, resulting in 2 Federal dead and 2 wounded.

April 15, 1861 - President Lincoln calls for 75,000 volunteers for three months service to deal with the "insurrection."

April 15, 1861 - Braxton Bragg places Lt. John Worden under arrest in Pensacola, Florida, making him the first prisoner-of-war in the American Civil War.

April 15, 1861 - Rejecting Lincoln's call for troops, Tennessee Governor Isham Harris orders a second session of the state legislature to consider the question of a secessionist convention.

April 15, 1862 - Julius Adolph de Lagnel, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.

April 15, 18662 - The following are appointed Union Brigadier Generals:
Benjamin Alvord, USA
Napoleon Bonaparte Buford, USA
Charles Devens, Jr., USA
George Lucas Hartsuff, USA
Rufus Saxton, USA
Carl Schurz, USA
William Sooy Smith, USA
James Henry Van Alen, USA

April 15, 1862 - Skirmish at Picacho Pass, near Tucson, the Arizona Territory.

April 15, 1862 - Skirmish at Lost Creek, MO, the Arizona Territory.

April 15, 1862 - Skirmish at Peralta, the New Mexico Territory.

April 15, 1862 - Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn's, CSA, Confederate forces are ordered to Memphis, TN.

April 15, 1862 - Skirmish at Pea Ridge, TN.

April 15, 1862 - Federal reconnaissance to the Rappahannock River, VA, led by Capt. Robert F. Dyer, USA, 1st ME Cavalry, is repulsed near Bealeton, VA.

April 15, 1862 - Union naval forces enter the mouth of the Mississippi and sail up the river to Fort Jackson.

April 15, 1863 - The CSS Alabama captures two Federal whaling ships off the coast of the Brazilian island of Fernando de Noronha.

April 15, 1863 - Federal expeditions (Apr 15-May 2) to Courtland, AL, and (May 2-8) Tupelo, MS. (Apr 15-May 8)

April 15, 1862 - Brig. Gen. Grenville M. Dodge's USA expedition from Corinth, MS, to Courtland, AL. (Apr 15-May 2)

April 15, 1863 - Skirmish at Piketon, Pike County, KY.

April 15, 1863 - Skirmish near Dunbar's Plantation, Bayou Vidal, LA, as Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, USA, continues his advance on Vicksburg.

April 15, 1863 - Franklin, LA, is occupied by Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks, USA.

April 15, 1863 - The Confederate siege of Washington, NC, is raised.

April 15, 1863 - Federal expedition from La Grange to Salsbury, TN.

April 15, 1863 - Skirmish on the Edenton Road, near Suffolk, VA, with Lieut. Gen. James Longstreet, CSA.

April 15, 1863 - Engagement near the Norfleet House, near Suffolk, VA.

April 15, 1864 - Skirmish at Camden, AR, the Camden (AR) Campaign.

April 15, 1864 - Skirmish at Roseville, AR.

April 15, 1864 - Operations in the Indian Territory, with rebel forces that came in from the southeast from the Choctaw Indian Nation. (Apr 15-20)

April 15, 1864 - Skirmish near Baton Rouge, LA.

April 15, 1864 - The Union ironclad, USS Eastport, is sunk by a Confederate torpedo, Red River (Campaign), LA, then raised by the Union forces.

April 15, 1864 - Skirmish at Spencer's Ranch, near Presidio del Norte, the New Mexico Territory.

April 15, 1864 - Federal demonstration on Battery Island, Charleston Harbor, SC, and vicinity.

April 15, 1864 - Skirmish near Greeneville, TN, as Maj. Gen. John M. Schofield, USA, commanding the Dept. of the Ohio has his cavalry surprise the Rebel cavalry, killing and capturing 25 Confederates.

April 15, 1865 - Affair 1.5 miles from Bristoe Station and Milford, VA, where the Union commander accuses his videttes of cowardice.

April 15, 1865 - Skirmish at Waterford, VA, where Lieut. Col. John S. Mosby, CSA, routs a marauding Federal cavalry party.

April 15, 1865 - George Armstrong Custer, U.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.

April 15, 1865 - Skirmish at McKenzie's Creek, near Patterson, MO, where the Yankees surprise a Rebel camp, killing and wounding the occupants there.

April 15, 1865 - Skirmish near Chapel Hill, NC.

April 15, 1865 - President Jefferson Davis flees Greensborough, NC.

April 15, 1865 - Federal scout through the counties of Randolph and Pocahontas, WV, and of Bath and Highland, VA, with an assortment of events, including capturing weapons, prisoners, stragglers, deserters; running into paroled men of Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia on their way home, etc. (Apr 15-23)

April 15, 1865 - Abraham Lincoln dies in a boardinghouse opposite Ford's Theater. Secretary of War, Edwin Stanton, proclaims, "Now he belongs to the ages." Andrew Johnson takes the oath of office.

April 15, 1954 - Appomattox Court House (or simply Appomattox) is designated a National Historical Park.