On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
March 23, 1818 - Don Carlos Buell, American Major General (Union Army), born in Lowell, Ohio (d. 1898)
March 23, 1825 - Edward Lloyd Thomas, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) born in Clark County, GA. (d. 1898)
March 23, 1858 - Free-state convention convenes in Leavenworth, Kansas.
March 23, 1858 - With Albert Sidney Johnston advancing on Salt Lake City, Brigham Young issues his "Sebastopol Policy," calling for Mormons to retreat from the advancing U. S. Army.
March 23, 1858 - Rather than rubber-stamp James Buchanan's desire to pass the Lecompton Constitution, the U. S. House votes to require resubmission after a vote.
March 23, 1861 - Brig. Gen. Edwin Vose Sumner, USA, is assigned to the command of the Dept. of the Pacific.
March 23, 1861 - Fort Chadbourne, TX, is abandoned by the Union forces.
March 23, 1862 - Affair at Smyrna, FL.
March 23, 1862 - Skirmish at Carthage, MO.
March 23, 1862 - Federal expedition from Point Pleasant, near New Madrid, to Little River, MO, by Maj. Jonas Rowalt, 7th IL Cavalry.
March 23, 1862 - The Federal Siege of Fort Macon, near Beaufort, NC, by Brig. Gen. John Grubb Parke's, USA, Union soldiers under Maj. Gen. Ambrose Everett Burnside, USA. (Mar 23-Apr 26)
March 23, 1862 - The Battle of Kernstown, VA, about 3 miles south of Winchester, VA, officially begins Stonewall Jackson's Valley Campaign, which results in a Confederate withdrawal from the vicinity of Brig. Gen. James Shields, USA, men. This obscure battle has the effect of freezing Maj. Gen. Irvin McDowell, USA, in Washington, and Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks, USA, at Harper's Ferry, WV, not permitting them to reinforce Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan's Peninsula Campaign.
March 23, 1863 - Federal operations near Jacksonville, FL. (Mar 23-31)
March 23, 1863 - Attack on the Warrenton, MS, batteries, by the Albatross and the Hartford, below Vicksburg, MS.
March 23, 1863 - Skirmish at Winfield, NC, with the Confederate attack repulsed.
March 23, 1863 - Skirmish near Thompson's Station, TN, with Union cavalry.
March 23, 1863 - Skirmish on the Little River Turnpike, near Chantilly, VA, as Capt. John Mosby, CSA, routs the Federals, but is later caught off guard by charging Union cavalry while feeding their unbridled horses. Mosby orders a foot charge and scares off the Federals.
March 23, 1863 - The Confederate attack on Williamsburg, VA, is repulsed.
March 23, 1864 - The Camden (Arkansas) Expedition. (Mar 23-May 3)
March 23, 1864 - Maj. Gen. Frederick Steele's, USA, column advances from Little Rock, AR, toward the Red River and Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks, USA.
March 23, 1864 - Skirmishes on the Benton, AR, road, the Camden (AR) Campaign. (Mar 23-24)
March 23, 1864 - The Army of the Potomac discontinues the 1st US Army Corps and assigns those troops to the 5th US Army Corps, VA.
March 23, 1864 - Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren, USA, supersedes Maj. Gen. George Sykes, USA, in the command of the 5th US Army Corps, the Army of the Potomac, VA.
March 23, 1864 - Some congressmen request George Meade be removed as commander of the Army of the Potomac.
March 23, 1865 - Abraham Lincoln leaves Washington for Ulysses S. Grant's headquarters in City Point, VA.
March 23, 1865 - Skirmishes near Dannelly's Mills, AL, as Brig. Gen. James H. Wilson, and his Union Cavalry move toward Lieut. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest, CSA, and his Cavalry, the Mobile, AL, Campaign. Mar 23-24)
March 23, 1865 - Brig. Gen. Michael K. Lawler, USA, is assigned to the command of the District of Baton Rouge, LA.
March 23, 1865 - Federal scout from Donaldsonville to Bayou Goula, LA, where the Yankees capture a few Confederates hiding out in local plantation homes. (Mar 23-24)
March 23, 1865 - Skirmish at Cox's Bridge, Neuse River, NC, as Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA, concentrates his forces around Bentonville, NC, to square off against the last remaining Confederate forces in North Carolina under Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, CSA.
March 23, 1865 - Col. Reuben F. Maury, 1st Oregon Cavalry, assumes the command of the District of Oregon.
March 23, 1865 - Brig. Gen. Benjamin Alvord, USA, relinquishes the command of the District of Oregon.
March 23, 1867 - Maryland rejects the 14th Amendment.
March 23, 1867 - Congress passes the 2nd Reconstruction Act over Andrew Johnson's veto.