On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
March 20, 1804 - Neal Dow, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Portland, Maine (d. 1897)
March 20, 1812 - George Bibb Crittenden, Major General (Confederate Army), born in Russellville, KY. (d. 1880)
March 20, 1825 - William Nelson Rector Beall, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Bardstown, KY. (d. 1883)
March 20, 1830 - Eugene Asa Carr, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Hamburg, New York (d. 1910)
March 20, 1852 - First publication of Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe.
March 20, 1854 - In Ripon, Wisconsin a group of citizens led by attorney Alvan E. Bovay met in a schoolhouse in support of the abolition of slavery. They adopted the name "Republicans."
March 20, 1861 - Fort Brown, TX, is abandoned by the Union forces, led by Lieut. Col. Electus Backus, 3rd US Infantry.
March 20, 1861 - Fort Duncan, TX, is abandoned by the Union forces, led by Bvt. Maj. O. L. Shepherd, 3rd US Infantry.
March 20, 1862 - States Rights Gist, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
March 20, 1862 - John Seldon Roane, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
March 20, 1862 - Marsena Rudolph Patrick, USA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
March 20, 1862 - Maj. Gen. Benjamin Franklin Butler, USA, assumes the command of the Dept. of the Gulf, at Ship Island, MS, in preparation of a Federal attack on New Orleans, LA.
March 20, 1862 - Federal expedition to Washington, NC, from New Berne, by Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside, USA. (Mar 20-21)
March 20, 1862 - Federal operations near Bluffton, SC, including affairs at Buckingham and Hunting Island, SC.
March 20, 1862 - Federal reconnaissance to Dumfries, VA. (Mar 20-21)
March 20, 1862 - Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks, USA, assumes the command of the 5th Army Corps, as Banks is ordered to remove the majority of his command to the defense of Washington, DC, the remaining portion in the Shenandoah Valley is withdrawing towards Winchester from Strasburg, and is pursued by Maj. Gen. Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson, VA.
March 20, 1862 - Federal reconnaissance to Gainesville, about 9 miles from Manassas Junction, VA, by Brig. Gen. Oliver O. Howard, USA.
Skirmish at Philippi, WV.
March 20, 1863 - Affair in Saint Andrew's Bay, FL, where Confederates kill and capture most of a Union landing party that is up to mischief.
March 20, 1863 - Action at Vaught's Hill, near Milton, TN, with Col. Hall, USA, defeating the Confederates.
March 20, 1864 - Skirmish at Arkadelphia, AR.
March 20, 1864 - Skirmish at Roseville Creek, AR.
March 20, 1864 - Skirmish at Bayou Rapides, on the Red River, LA.
March 20, 1864 - Federal scouts in Jackson and La Fayette Counties, MO, with skirmishes, inflicting guerrilla casualties. (Mar 20-30)
March 20, 1865 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.
March 20, 1865 - The advance of the Union forces (Maj. Gen. Frederick Steele's column, of Maj. Gen. Edward R. S. Canby's Army) starts from Pensacola, FL, for Mobile AL.
March 20, 1865 - Skirmish at Talbot's Ferry, AR.
March 20, 1865 - Skirmish at Ringgold, GA, with Union pickets and guerrillas.
March 20, 1865 - Federal expedition with the 93rd US Colored Infantry from Brashear City aboard the gunboat, No. 49, to Bayou Pigeon, LA, to bring within the Union lines the family of a government employee, with skirmish (Mar 21) at Bayou Teche, LA. (Mar 20-22)
March 20, 1865 - Federal scout against guerrillas from Lexington, MO, to Tabo Church, 12 miles east, Wellington, the Snibar Hills, etc. The Yankees recommend the banishment of certain widows (including the widow of the late Wilhite, killed a year ago) who are continuing to aid and abet the bushwhackers in the vicinity.
March 20, 1865 - Skirmish near Falling Creek, NC.
March 20, 1865 - Maj. Gen. George Stoneman's US Raid in East Tennessee, Southwestern Virginia, and Western North Carolina, to aid in part, Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's advance on the Confederate Army under Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, CSA, at Bentonville, NC. (Mar 20-Apr 27)
March 20, 1865 - Federal scout from Winchester to Edenburg, VA, with skirmish (Mar 21) near Fisher's Hill, VA, the Shenandoah Valley.
March 20, 1865 - Federal scout from Harper's Ferry into Loudoun County, VA, with skirmishes (Mar 21) near Hamilton and (Mar 23) at Goose Creek.
March 20, 1865 - Federal scout to Kabletown, Myerstown, and Myers' Ford, WV.
March 20, 1867 - Massachusetts ratifies the 14th Amendment.
March 20, 1918 - Lewis A. Grant, American Civil War General (USA) dies in Minneapolis, Minnesota (b. 1828)