On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
March 11, 1811 - Marsena Rudolph Patrick, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Hounsfield, New York (d. 1888)
March 11, 1832 - William Ruffin Cox, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Scotland Neck, NC. (d. 1919)
March 11, 1840 - Edmund Kirby Jr, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Brownville, New York. (d. 1863)
March 11, 1846 - U. S. troops move into disputed land between Nueces and Rio Grande Rivers, Texas.
March 11, 1861 - Braxton Bragg assumes command of CSA Florida forces.
March 11, 1861 - Confederate Congress at Montgomery adopts the Constitution unanimously.
March 11, 1862 - President Lincoln relieves George McClellan as General-in-Chief of the U. S. Army. He continues as commander of the Army of the Potomac.
March 11, 1862 - President Lincoln puts Henry Halleck in charge of all forces in the West. Lincoln also creates the Mountain Department, covering West Virginia and the mountainous area of Virginia. John Fremont is put in command.
March 11, 1862 - The following are appointed Confederate Brigadier Generals:
Seth Maxwell Barton, CSA.
Paul Jones Semmes, CSA.
Lucius Marshall Walker, CSA.
March 11, 1862 - Skirmish near Paris, TN, with Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, USA.
March 11, 1862 - Skirmish at Stephenson's Station, near Winchester, VA.
March 11, 1862 - Winchester, VA, is abandoned by the Confederate forces under Maj. Gen. Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson, CSA, and subsequently occupied by the Union forces. (Mar 11-12)
March 11, 1863 - Ulysses S. Grant renewed his efforts to reach Vicksburg when he tried to push gunboats past Fort Pemberton, near Greenwood. General W. W. Loring ("Old Blizzards") had built and manned the fort to prevent attacks of this nature.
March 11, 1863 - George Jerrison Stannard, USA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
March 11, 1863 - Affair near Paris, KY.
March 11, 1864 - Federal Cavalry operations about Sparta, TN, including skirmishes on Calfkiller Creek and near Beersheba Springs, and confrontations with the Texas Rangers, etc. The notorious Champ Ferguson is also killed. (Mar 11-28)
March 11, 1864 - After meeting with Maj. Gen. George G. Meade, USA, Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, USA, returns to Washington, DC, and leaves for Nashville, TN, to meet with Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA.
March 11, 1865 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.
March 11, 1865 - Skirmish at Washington, AR.
March 11, 1865 - Brig. Gen. Edmund J. Davis, USA, is assigned to the command of the District of Baton Rouge, LA.
March 11, 1865 - Affair near the Little Blue River, MO.
March 11, 1865 - Skirmish at Fayetteville, NC, as the Union vessels, USS Eolus, Lenapee, USS Maratanza and Nyack sail up the Cape Fear River towards Fayetteville.
March 11, 1865 - The Union forces, under Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA, occupy Fayetteville, NC, as Sherman now prepares to do battle with the Confederate forces under Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, CSA, who awaits his further march.
March 11, 1865 - Federal expedition from Fortress Monroe aboard steamers, into Westmoreland County, VA, with skirmish (Mar 12) near Warsaw, VA, and with the destruction of all Confederate property of any value. (Mar 11-13)
March 11, 1865 - Skirmish at Goochland Courthouse, VA, as Maj. Gen. Philip Henry Sheridan, USA, threatens Richmond, VA.
March 11, 1868 - Louisiana adopts a new state constitution outlawing segregation and incorporating the language of the 13th and 14th amendments.
March 11, 1868 - 4th Reconstruction Act passed by Congress. This changed the definition of majority from majority of all voters to majority of voters casting ballots in the election to approve or reject a state constitution. The bill also tried to counter the intimidation of the Ku Klux Klan.
March 11, 1874 - Charles Sumner dies, Washington, D. C.
March 11, 1898 - William Rosecrans, American Civil War Union general, died at Redondo Beach, California. (b. 1819)