On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
March 9, 1832 - Abraham Lincoln announces his candidacy for the Illinois House of Representatives.
March 9, 1839 - Felix Huston Robertson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Washington-on-the-Brazos, Texas (d. 1928)
March 9, 1841 - US Supreme Court rules the kidnapped slaves from the Spanish schooner the Amistad are free.
March 9, 1847 - U. S. Marines under the command of Winfield Scott begin the largest amphibious landing in the history of the United States at the time near the Mexican city of Vera Cruz.
March 9, 1861 - The Coinage Bill is passed by the Confederate Congress, authorizing up to 50 million dollars in Confederate currency to be printed.
March 9, 1862 - Charles William Field, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
March 9, 1862 - Skirmish on Big Creek, MO, where Lieut. Col. Arnold Krekel, 1st Battalion MO Cavalry, killed the notorious Ted Sharp, who killed Dr. Cleveland, another notoriously bad character, at the Virginia Hotel, a few days before.
March 9, 1862 - Skirmish at Mountain Grove, MO, with the MO Infantry.
March 9, 1862 - Skirmish on Granny White's Pike, near Nashville, TN, with Col. John S. Scott, CSA, 1st LA Cavalry.
March 9, 1862 - Federal expedition towards Purdy and operations about Crump's Landing, TN, by Brig. Gen. Charles F. Smith, USA. (Mar 9-14)
March 9, 1862 - Maj. Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith, CSA, assumes the command in East Tennessee.
March 9, 1862 - Naval engagement at Hampton Roads, VA, between the 1st ironclads, the USS Monitor, and the CSS Merrimac, which fight to a draw, after the following US vessels are attacked by the CSS Merrimac: Congress, Cumberland, and the Minnesota.
March 9, 1862 - Skirmish at Sangster's Station, VA.
March 9, 1863 - Skirmish near Saint Augustine, FL, with a Union attack on the Confederate camp, Fort Peyton, 7 miles southwest of Saint Augustine.
March 9, 1863 - Affair at Fort McAllister, GA.
March 9, 1863 - Skirmish at Hazle Green, KY.
March 9, 1863 - Skirmishes on the Comite River, at Montesano Bridge, etc. LA. (Mar 9-10)
March 9, 1863 - Federal expedition from Bloomfield, MO, to Chalk Bluff, AR, and to Gum Slough, Kennett, and Hornersville, MO, and skirmishes. (Mar 9-15)
March 9, 1863 - Federal reconnaissance from Salem to Versailles, TN.(Mar 9-14)
March 9, 1863 - Affair at Fairfax Court-House, VA, where Capt. John Mosby's Confederates capture Brig. Gen. Edwin Henry Stoughton, USA, in his bed.
March 9, 1864 - Ulysses S. Grant promoted to Lieutenant General and given command of all active United States forces. Grant makes his HQ at Brandy Station, VA.
March 9, 1864 - Skirmish near Nickajack Gap, GA, with Brig. Gen. Absalom Baird, USA.
March 9, 1864 - Skirmish near Greenwich, VA, as Lieut. Col. John S. Mosby, with assistance from the 4th VA Cavalry and Chincapin Rangers, attack a Union Cavalry scouting party.
March 9, 1864 - Federal expedition into King and Queen County, VA, where Brig. Gen. Judson Kilpatrick, USA, and his cavalry drive the Rebels from their camp near Carlton's Store. The Federals burn a grain mill in addition to other property, as Kilpatrick proclaims the people in this area have been well punished for the murder of Colonel Dahlgren. (Mar 9-12)
March 9, 1864 - Federal expedition to the Piankatank, and skirmish at Cricket Hill, VA, where the Union gunboats, Brewster and Jesup, sink a schooner under tow, capture a valuable steam saw-mill, etc. (Mar 9-22)
March 9, 1864 - Skirmish near Suffolk, VA, where the Negro Cavalry behaved bravely in hand-to-hand combat with the Confederates, although Brig. Gen. Matthew W. Ransom, CSA, claims the Federals fled towards Portsmouth, VA. Grant makes his HQ
March 9, 1865 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.
March 9, 1865 - Christopher Columbus Andrews, U.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.
March 9, 1865 - Maj. Gen. Alexander McD. McCook, USA, assumes the command of the District of Eastern Arkansas.
March 9, 1865 - Federal scout from Fort Lamed to Coon Creek, Mulberry Creek, then on to Crooked Creek, KS, where the Yankees find a friendly village of Arapaho of Little Raven's band, with many bucks, squaws and papooses. The Federals learn there are a few thousand of Comanches, Apaches and Kiowas in the vicinity and deem it advisable not to burn any of the deserted Indian villages they discovered in the area, opting to return back to Fort Larned as fast as possible. (Mar 9-15)
March 9, 1865 - Skirmish at Howard's Mills, KY.
March 9, 1865 - Federal scout against guerrillas from Cape Girardeau into Bellinger, Wayne, and Stoddard Counties, MO. The Yankees report there are a few less agitators in this region after this scout. (Mar 9-15)
March 9, 1865 - Maj. Gen. George Stoneman, USA, assumes the command of the District of East Tennessee.
March 9, 1865 - Vermont becomes the 17th state to ratify the 13th amendment abolishing slavery.
March 9, 1865 - The Federal occupation of Columbia, VA, by Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan, USA.
March 9, 1865 - President Abraham Lincoln accepts the resignation of his Secretary of the Interior, John P. Usher, effective May 15.