On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
March 4, 1824 - In Harrisburg, the Pennsylvania Convention nominates Andy Jackson for President, and Calhoun for Vice-president. Calhoun subsequently withdraws from the race for President to run for Vice-President.
March 4, 1826 - John Buford, American Major General (Union Army), born in Woodford County, Kentucky (d. 1863)
March 4, 1828 - Elisha Franklin "Bull" Paxton, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) born in Rockbridge County, VA. (d. 1863)
March 4, 1841 - William Henry Harrison is inaugurated President of the United States. John Tyler becomes Vice President
March 4, 1850 - Too ill to deliver his prepared text to the Senate against Clay's compromise plan, John C. Calhoun listens as Virginia Senator James M. Mason reads the text for him.
March 4, 1855 - With the state legislature divided (the northern part of the state was abolitionist while the southern half was pro-slavery) Indiana begins an almost 2 year period without a U. S. Senator.
March 4, 1857
James Buchanan inaugurated President of the United States
March 4, 1861 - Confederate Convention in Montgomery adopts the "Stars and Bars" as the nation's flag
March 4, 1861 - Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated President of the United States. 7 states had already seceded.
March 4, 1861 - President Abraham Lincoln's initial cabinet consisted of:
Edward Bates - Attorney General, from MO
Montgomery Blair - Postmaster General, from MD
Simon Cameron - Secretary of War, from PA
Salmon P. Chase - Secretary of Treasury, from OH
William H. Seward - Secretary of State, from NY
Caleb Blood Smith - Secretary of Interior, from IN
Gideon Welles - Secretary of Navy, from CT
March 4, 1862 - The following are appointed Confederate Brigadier Generals:
Hamilton Prioleau Bee, CSA
Thomas James Churchill, CSA
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne, CSA
Winfield Scott Featherston, CSA
Samuel Bell Maxey, CSA
Albert Rust, CSA
William Booth Taliaferro, CSA
March 4, 1862 - Andrew Johnson, USA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
March 4, 1862 - Maj. Gen. Braxton Bragg, CSA, announces his resumption of the command of the Dept. of Alabama and West Florida.
March 4, 1862 - Amelia Island, FL, is occupied by the Union forces.
March 4, 1862 - Santa Fe, New Mexico Territory, is abandoned by the Union forces, under Capt. Herbert M. Enos, USA, and subsequently occupied by Brig. Gen. Henry Hopkins Sibley, CSA.
March 4, 1862 - Federal scout through Laclede, Wright, and Douglas Counties, MO, including skirmishes at Fox Creek (Mar 7) and Mountain Grove (Mar 9), by Col. George E. Waring, Jr, 4th MO Cavalry. (Mar 4-11)
March 4, 1862 - Maj. Gen. John Clifford Pemberton, CSA, assumes the command of Dept. of South Carolina, Georgia, and East Florida, replacing Gen. Robert E. Lee, CSA, who was ordered to Richmond, VA, the day before.
March 4, 1862 - In what is generally regarded as an underhanded trick, Halleck relieves Grant from command and replaces him with Charles Ferguson Smith.
March 4, 1863 - Robert Brank Vance, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
March 4, 1863 - Skirmish (Mar 4) near Franklin, TN, and engagement (Mar 5) at Thompson's Station, or Spring Hill, TN, where Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn, CSA, captures several Union regiments under the command of Maj. Gen. William S. Rosecrans, USA. (Mar 4-5)
March 4, 1863 - Federal expedition from Murfreesboro toward Columbia, TN, with skirmishes:
(Mar 4) at Rover and Unionville,
(Mar 5) at Chapel Hill
(Mar 9) at Thompson's Station and
(Mar 10-11) at Rutherford Creek, TN.
March 4, 1863 - Skirmish at Independent Hill, Prince William County, which is 8 miles from Dumfries, VA.
March 4, 1863 - March 5, 1863 - Battle of Thompson's Station - Confederate Cavalry under Earl Van Dorn and Nathan Bedford Forrest drive Union Cavalry off on the 4th, then surround and engage the remaining infantry. After heavy fighting on the 5th, the Union garrison surrenders.
March 4, 1864 - Republican Michael Hahn is inaugurated governor of Louisiana.
March 4, 1864 - Operations in Florida, as Maj. Gen. James Patton Anderson, CSA, assumes command of the District of Florida and reports the continuous landing of Federal troops while there is no let up in the number of Confederate troops in the district being drawn off for service in other parts of the Confederacy. (Mar 4-14)
March 4, 1864 - Skirmish at Rodney, MS.
March 4, 1864 - Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's, USA, Federal column returns to Vicksburg, MS, from its Meridian, MS, Expedition.
March 4, 1864 - The US Senate confirms Andrew Johnson as the Military Governor of Tennessee.
March 4, 1864 - Skirmish near Murfreesboro, TN.
March 4, 1864 - Confederate demonstration on Portsmouth, VA, is repelled with the combined effort of Maj. Gen. David Birney, USA, Brig. Gen. Judson Kilpatrick's, USA, Cavalry, and Union gunboats. (Mar 4-5)
March 4, 1865 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.
March 4, 1865 - The Confederate States of America adopts the "Blood Stained Banner" as its official flag.
March 4, 1865 - William Wirt Allen, C.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.
March 4, 1865 - Young Marshall Moody, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
March 4, 1865 - Affair near Pine Bluff, AR, where the Yankees sneak up on the camp of a small band of Rebels in the dark and scatter the Confederates in all directions, as they are taken by surprise.
March 4, 1865 - The US transport, Thorn, strikes a torpedo on the Cape Fear River and sinks near Fort Anderson, NC.
March 4, 1865 - Skirmish at Phillips' Crossroads, NC.
March 4, 1865 - Federal expedition from near Cheraw to Florence, SC, and skirmishes. (Mar 4-6)
March 4, 1865 - Maj. Gen. Cadwallader C. Washburn, USA, assumes the command of the District of West Tennessee.
March 4, 1865 - Lincoln outlines his second term talking directly to the Confederate people "...with malice toward none; with charity for all..." Andrew Johnson, replacing Henry Hamlin as Vice-president gives a rambling, drunk speech. He had been given too much whiskey as medicine by a doctor.
March 4, 1865 - "Parson" Brownlow is elected the first post-war governor of Tennessee.
March 4, 1869 - Ulysses S. Grant inaugurated 18th President of the United States.
March 4, 1883 - Vice President of the Confederate States of America Alexander Stephens dies in Atlanta.
March 4, 1906 - John McAllister Schofield, former U.S. Secretary of War and Commanding General of the U.S. Army dies in St. Augustine, FL. (b. 1831)