On this date in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
February 28, 1818 - New York passes a bill requiring state banks to pay debt in United States notes or specie (hard currency).
February 28, 1821 - House passes the public land debt relief bill. Most of the opposition comes from the North, where few had engaged in the speculation that created the problem.
February 28, 1825 - Quincy Adams Gillmore born, Lorain County, Ohio.
February 28, 1827 - The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad is chartered.
February 28, 1854 - Republican Party formally organized in Ripon, Wisconsin
February 28, 1859 - Arkansas passes legislation requiring free blacks to chose between exile or slavery.
February 28, 1861 - The US Congress votes to create the Colorado Territory.
February 28, 1861 - North Carolina voters reject the call for a secessionist convention by 651 votes.
February 28, 1862 - Ford closes the theater for renovation
February 28, 1862 - April 8, 1862 - The Battle of New Madrid / Island No. 10 - After withdrawing from New Madrid Confederates control Island No. 10, blocking shipping on the Mississippi. Over 5,000 Confederate soldiers on the island surrender to Major General John Pope on April 8.
February 28, 1862 - Affair at Osage Springs, near Fayetteville, AR.
February 28, 1862 - Brig. Gen. Samuel Jones, CSA, supersedes Maj. Gen. Braxton Bragg, CSA, in the command of the Dept. of Alabama and West Florida.
February 28, 1862 - The Florida Federal expedition sails from Warsaw Sound.
February 28, 1862 - Charleston, VA, is occupied by the Federal forces.
February 28, 1863 - At Ft. McAllister, federal gunships including the ironclad U. S. S. Montauk moved up the Ogeechee River in Georgia to destroy the Rattlesnake, a Confederate privateer also known as the Nashville before it was decommissioned.
February 28, 1863 - Edward Johnson, C.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.
February 28, 1863 - Daniel Chevilette Govan, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
February 28, 1863 - Skirmish near Fort Gibson, the Indian Territory.
February 28, 1863 - Work begins on rebuilding Ford's Theater after a fire.
February 28, 1864 - Skirmishes on the Pearl River, the Meridian, MS, Expedition.
February 28, 1864 - Skirmish near Yazoo City, MS, the Meridian, MS, Expedition.
February 28, 1864 - Skirmish at Dukedom, TN, with a Confederate party raiding the Paducah Railroad. The Federals attack and capture some men.
February 28, 1864 - Lieut. Gen. John Bell Hood, CSA, is assigned to the command of the 2nd Army Corps, the Confederate Army of Tennessee.
February 28, 1864 - Federal scout in Gloucester County, VA, with little action.
February 28, 1864 - Brig. Gen. George Armstrong Custer's, USA, Cavalry raid into Albemarle County, VA, as a diversionary tactic for Brig. Gen. Hugh Judson Kilpatrick's expedition against Richmond, VA. (Feb 28-Mar 1)
February 28, 1864 - Brig. Gen. Hugh Judson Kilpatrick's, USA, Cavalry Expedition against Richmond, VA, in an attempt to rescue Federal Prisoners of War held at Belle Island Prison. (Feb 28-Mar 4)
February 28, 1864 - Affair at Ely's Ford, VA, with Brig. Gen. Kilpatrick, USA.
February 28, 1865 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing,
February 28, 1865 - Nathan Bedford Forrest. CSA. is appointed Lieut. Gen.
February 28, 1865 - Tyree Harris Bell, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
February 28, 1865 - Skirmish near Cheraw, SC, with the advancing Union forces under Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman, USA.
February 28, 1865 - Skirmish near Rocky Mount, SC.
February 28, 1865 - The following commands are reorganized as follows:
District of Middle Tennessee - Maj. Gen. Lovell H. Rousseau
District of West Tennessee - Maj. Gen. Cadwallder Washburn
District of East Tennessee - Maj. Gen. George Stoneman
District of Etowah, Tennessee - Maj. Gen. James B. Steedman,