On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
February 22, 1827 - James Barnet Fry, American historian and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Carrollton, Illinois (d. 1894)
February 22, 1847 - February 23, 1847 - Battle of Buena Vista (Mexican-American War).
February 22, 1856 - The first "national" meeting of the Republican Party is held in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
February 22, 1856 - The American National Convention in Philadelphia nominates Millard Fillmore for President.
February 22, 1861 - President-elect Abraham Lincoln delivers his speech at Philadelphia, and Harrisburg, PA, and due to death threats, leaves for Washington, DC, incognito, under the protection of the well known detective, Allen Pinkerton.
February 22, 1861 - February 23, 1861 - Under the watchful eyes of Allan Pinkerton, Abraham Lincoln travels in secrecy to Washington, D. C. Pinkerton had been worried about the trip through Baltimore, Maryland, a Southern-leaning city.
February 22, 1861 - On a bet Edward Weston leaves Boston to walk to Lincoln's inauguration
February 22, 1862 - Jefferson Davis is inaugurated as the first (and only) President of the Confederate States of America. Alexander Stephens is inaugurated Vice President.
February 22, 1862 - Brig. Gen. Lewis Golding Arnold, USA, supersedes Col. Harvey Brown, US Artillery, in the command of the Dept. of Florida.
February 22, 1862 - Skirmish at Independence, MO.
February 22, 1862 - Engagement in Arkansas Bay, TX, with Capt. Benjamin F. Neal, CSA.
February 22, 1862 - Federal expedition to Vienna and Flint Hill, VA, by Col. Max Friedman, 5th PA Cavalry.
February 22, 1863 - Federal Cavalry attack on Tuscumbia, AL, and the rear of Maj. Gen. Earl Van Corn's Confederate column, capturing supplies.
February 22, 1863 - Skirmish on the Manchester Pike, TN, between pickets of Gen. Braxton Bragg, CSA, and Maj. Gen. William S. Rosecrans, USA.
February 22, 1864 - Skirmish at Luna Landing, AR.
February 22, 1864 - Demonstration on Dalton, GA, as Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas, USA, Army of the Cumberland makes reconnaissance on Lieut. Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's, CSA, Army of Tennessee, in winter quarters. (Feb 22-27)
February 22, 1864 - Skirmish at Whitemarsh Island, GA, as the Confederates attempt to defend against the Federals landing a sizeable force here.
February 22, 1864 - Confederate raid on Mayfield, KY, robbing 3 stores, inflicting casualties, and burning everything else they didn't want.
February 22, 1864 - Engagement near Okolona, MS, with Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest, CSA, Cavalry routing the Union forces under Brig. Gen. William S. Smith, USA, the Meridian, MS, Expedition.
February 22, 1864 - Skirmish on the Tallahatchie River, the Meridian, MS, Expedition.
February 22, 1864 - Skirmish at Lexington, MO.
February 22, 1864 - Federal operations about Warrensburg, MO, with guerrillas. (Feb 22-24)
February 22, 1864 - Skirmish on Calfkiller Creek, TN, where the Confederates inflict severe casualties on the Federals, part of Col. John M. Hughs, CSA, Confederate operations in Middle Tennessee.
February 22, 1864 - Affair near Indianola, TX, where Confederate cavalry surround and capture 25 mounted Federal infantrymen.
February 22, 1864 - Skirmishes at Gibson's and Wyerman's Mills, on Indian Creek, VA, and Powell's Bridge, TN, as Brig. Gen. Theophilus T. Garrad, USA, commanding the District of the Clinch encounters Brig. Gen. William E. "Grumble" Jones', CSA, Cavalry.
February 22, 1864 - Secretary of the Treasury, Salmon P. Chase offers to resign in light of the "Pomeroy Circular" whereby Sen. Samuel C. Pomeroy of Kansas, advocates Chase running for the Presidency; Chase claims the notice is without Chase's approval.
February 22, 1865 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.
February 22, 1865 - Federal scout from Pine Bluff to Bayou Meto, AR, and skirmishes at Mrs. Voche's (Feb 23) and Bayou Meto (Feb 24). (Feb 22-24)
February 22, 1865 - Federal expedition under Brig. Gen. Alexander Asboth, USA, commanding the District of West Florida, from Barrancas, aboard the steamer, Matamoras, to Milton, FL, and skirmishes. The Yankees capture prisoners and supplies. (Feb 22-25)
February 22, 1865 - Brig. Gen. John McNeil, USA, is assigned to the command of the District of Central Missouri.
February 22, 1865 - Maj. Gen. Andrew J. Smith, USA, assumes the command of the 16th US Army Corps, MO.
February 22, 1865 - Skirmish at Northeast Ferry, NC.
February 22, 1865 - Skirmish at Smith's Creek, NC.
February 22, 1865 - The Union forces occupy Wilmington, NC, the last major Confederate seaport as Gen. Braxton Bragg, CSA, evacuated the city the night before.
February 22, 1865 - Skirmish near Camden, SC, as Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA, continues Marching northward.
February 22, 1865 - Skirmish near Wateree River, SC.
February 22, 1865 - Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, CSA, is assigned by Gen. Robert E. Lee, CSA, to the command of the Army of Tennessee, and all the troops in the Confederate Dept. of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida.
February 22, 1865 - Gen. Robert E. Lee, CSA, laid optional plans to retreat to Burkeville, VA, and unite with the Confederate forces in North Carolina if he was forced to leave his defensive position around Petersburg and Richmond, VA.
February 22, 1865 - Voters approve a new constitution, including the abolition of slavery, in Tennessee.