On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
February 20, 1811 - Louisiana becomes a state.
February 20, 1811 - Vice President George Clinton casts the deciding vote in the defeat of the charter renewal of the First National Bank.
February 20, 1820 - Mahlon Dickerson Manson, American druggist politician and General (Union Army), born in Piqua, Ohio (d. 1895)
February 20, 1827 - Edward Stuyvesant Bragg, American politician, lawyer and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Unadilla, New York (d. 1912)
February 20, 1838 - James Barbour Terrill, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Bath County, VA. (d. 1864)
February 20, 1861 - P. G. T. Beauregard resigns from the U. S. Army.
February 20, 1861 - President-elect Abraham Lincoln and Vice-president Elect Hannibal Hamlin of Maine meet in New York City.
February 20, 1861 - The Confederate Government in Montgomery, AL, establishes the Confederate Dept. of the Navy.
February 20, 1862 - William Wallace "Willie" Lincoln dies. The 12-year-old son of U. S. President Abraham Lincoln probably had typhoid fever.
February 20, 1862 - Gov. Isham Harris of Tennessee moves the state capital from Nashville to Memphis, away from the Union advance, while Gen. Albert S. Johnston, CSA, moves his men toward Murfreesboro, TN.
February 20, 1863 - Skirmish near Fort Halleck, the Dakota Territory with the Ute Indians.
February 20, 1863 - Skirmish on the Shelbyville Pike, TN.
February 20, 1864 - Federal expedition from Helena up White River, AR. (Feb 20-26)
February 20, 1864 - The Engagement at Olustee, or Ocean Pond, or Siler Lake, FL, where Brig. Gen. Seymour Truman, USA, under Maj. Gen. Quincy A. Gillmore, USA, retreats toward Jacksonville, FL, with heavy casualties in its black Union regiments, after facing Brig. Gen. Joseph Finegan, CSA, commanding the District of East FL.
February 20, 1864 - Skirmish at Pease Creek, FL.
February 20, 1864 - Skirmish near West Point, MS, as Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA, withdraws back towards Vicksburg, MS, after tiring of waiting for Brig. Gen. William Sooy Smith's Cavalry, tearing up Confederate railroad tracks all the way, the Meridian, MS, Expedition.
February 20, 1864 - Skirmish at Flat Creek, TN.
February 20, 1864 - Skirmish on the Sevierville Road, near Knoxville, TN.
February 20, 1864 - Skirmish at Strawberry Plains, TN.
February 20, 1864 - Skirmishes at Upperville and Front Royal, VA, where the Federals surprise John S. Mosby's men who were celebrating John's promotion to Lieut. Colonel. Mosby regroups and the superior fire power of the Federals using their carbines allows the Yankees to withdraw.
February 20, 1864 - Affair near Hurricane Bridge, WV, with a Union scouting party.
February 20, 1865 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.
February 20, 1865 - Brig. Gen. John S. Morgan, USA, is assigned to the command of the District of Arizona.
February 20, 1865 - The Confederate attack on Fort Myers, FL, is repulsed.
February 20, 1865 - Skirmish at Center Creek, MO.
February 20, 1865 - Federal expedition to Greeneville and Warrensburg, TN, in the pouring rain, with skirmishes (Feb 21 & 22) near Greeneville as elections were held in the town.
February 20, 1865 - Federal expedition from Nashville to Pine Wood, Hickman County, TN, and encounter with guerrillas. (Feb 20-24)
February 20, 1869 - Tennessee Governor W C Brownlow declares martial law in Ku Klux Klan crisis
February 20, 1893 - P. G. T. Beauregard dies, New Orleans, Louisiana.
February 20, 1895 - Frederick Douglass dies in Washington, DC.