On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
February 17, 1804 - Samuel Read Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Bedford County, VA.(d. 1883)
February 17, 1819 - After several days of sharp debate the House passes the Missouri statehood bill including both parts of the Tallmadge Amendment, marking the first legislation demanding the abolition of slavery. The act is sent to the Senate where the bill is never voted on.
February 17, 1824 - William Farrar Smith born, St. Albans, Vermont.
February 17, 1837 - Francis Jay Herron, American Major General (Union Army), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1902)
February 17, 1862 - Ulysses Simpson Grant, U.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.
February 17, 1862 - David Bell Birney, USA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
February 17, 1862 - Action at Sugar Creek, or Pea Ridge, AR, with Brig. Gen. Samuel R. Curtis, USA.
February 17, 1862 - General John Floyd arrives in Nashville after leaving Simon Bolivar Buckner to surrender at Fort
February 17, 1863 - West Virginia approves a revised state constitution.
February 17, 1863 - General Grant rescinds the order halting publication of the Chicago Times as a "copperhead" paper.
February 17, 1863 - Union forces burn Hopefield, AR, in retaliation after the Confederates from that town attack the USS Hercules.
February 17, 1863 - Maj. Gen. Samuel G. French, CSA, is placed in temporary command of the Dept. of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.
February 17, 1863 - The Union ironclad, USS Indianola, positions itself at the mouth of the Red River on the Mississippi River to disturb Confederate riverboats operating in the area.
February 17, 1863 - Union expedition from Lexington to Clifton, TN. (Feb 17-21)
February 17, 1863 - Federal expedition from Memphis, TN, against Confederate guerrillas harassing the Federals rear.
February 17, 1863 - Federal expedition from Murfreesboro to Liberty, TN. (Feb 17-20).
February 17, 1864 - James Patton Anderson, C.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.
February 17, 1864 - Skirmish at Black's Mill, AR.
February 17, 1864 - Skirmish at Horse Head Creek, AR.
February 17, 1864 - Skirmish in the Houlka Swamp, near Houston, MS, the Meridian, MS, Expedition.
February 17, 1864 - Skirmish near Pontotoc, MS, with Maj. Gen. W. T. Sherman, USA, the Meridian, MS, Expedition.
February 17, 1864 - The US steamer, USS Housatonic, is destroyed at the city of Charleston, SC, sunk by a torpedo from the CSS H. L. Hunley, the Confederate experimental submarine, which also sinks in the process.
February 17, 1864 - Federal expedition from Island No. 10 to Riley's Landing, TN, where the Federals capture a band of guerrillas caught asleep, lying with their pistols under their pillows.
February 17, 1864 - Federal expedition from Motley's Ford, TN, to Murphy and vicinity, NC, and the confiscation of large quantities of corn. (Feb 17-22)
February 17, 1864 - Maj. Gen. William H. French, USA, resumes the command of the 3rd US Army Corps, the Army of the Potomac, VA.
February 17, 1864 - Federal scout from Warrenton, and skirmish near Piedmont, VA. It being very cold, the Federals Marched rapidly, and happen to capture 13 of Maj. John S. Mosby's Partisan Rangers. (Feb 17-18)
February 17, 1865 - Charleston, SC is evacuated.
February 17, 1865 - Skirmish at Fort Buchanan, the Arizona Territory, as the Apache Indians, on the warpath, attack the Fort, capturing rations, weapons, killing and mutilating some Federal soldiers, before fleeing.
February 17, 1865 - Federal scout from Pine Bluff, AR, to the Arkansas River, with skirmish (Feb. 17) near Bayou Meto, AR. (Feb 17-18)
February 17, 1865 - Skirmish in Washington County, AR.
February 17, 1865 - Federal expedition from Plaquemine to The Park, LA. (Feb 17-22)
February 17, 1865 - Federal expedition from Eastport to Iuka, MS, to capture the Rebels who were making a habit of going into Iuka every night, and remaining there until morning. Upon moving on Iuka, the Yankees find that Lieut. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest, CSA, had moved all his men about a week ago to West Point, MS, about 100 miles below Verona. (Feb 17-18)
February 17, 1865 - Skirmish near Smithville, NC.
February 17, 1865 - The Confederate forces, under Lieut. Gen. William J. Hardee, CSA, evacuate Charleston, SC, and heads to Cheraw, SC.
February 17, 1865 - The Union forces, under Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA, occupy Columbia, SC. Lieut. Gen. Wade Hampton's Confederate cavalry set fire to cotton bales before fleeing. Union soldiers uncover barrels of whiskey, and that night the majority of Columbia catches fire and burns. Yankees blame the Rebels.
February 17, 1865 - Federal expedition from Whitesburg aboard the gunboats, Sherman and Stone River, to Fearn's Ferry, TN, and skirmish with guerrillas 3 miles from Warrenton. (Feb 17-18)
February 17, 1865 - The Territory of Utah and that part of the Nebraska Territory lying west of the 22d degree longitude, is added to the Dept. of the Missouri.
February 17, 1865 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.