On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
February 16, 1807 - Lysander Cutler, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Royalston, Massachusetts (d. 1866)
February 16, 1813 - Joseph Reid Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) born in Fincastle, VA. (d. 1892)
February 16, 1823 - John Daniel Imboden, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Staunton, VA. (d. 1895)
February 16, 1850 - John C. Calhoun writes privately that the South "cannot with safety remain in the Union."
February 16, 1861 - The US Arsenal and Barracks at San Antonio, TX, is seized by the Texas state troops.
February 16, 1861 - The Texas commissioners demand the surrender of all the US military posts and public property in Texas.
February 16, 1862 - Action at Potts' Hill, Sugar Creek, AR.
February 16, 1862 - Brig. Gen. Simon Bolivar Bucker, CSA, surrenders Fort Donelson, TN, to Brig. Gen. Ulysses Simpson Grant, USA, under Grant's "unconditional terms of surrender." The Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers are now under Federal control.
February 16, 1863 - U. S. Senate passes the Conscription Act.
February 16, 1863 - Skirmish at Yazoo Pass, MS, as the Confederates contest the advance of Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, USA, on Vicksburg, MS.
February 16, 1863 - Maj. Gen. Stephen A. Hurlbut, USA, assumes the command of the 16th US Army Corps, MS.
February 16, 1863 - Skirmish at Bradyville, TN.
February 16, 1863 - Maj. Gen. George Sykes, USA, is placed in temporary command of the 5th US Army Corps, the Army of the Potomac, VA.
February 16, 1863 - Affair near Romney, WV, as Rebel Cavalry capture a Union forage train and guards.
February 16, 1864 - Robert Hall Chilton, C.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.
February 16, 1864 - Operations about Mobile, AL, as the Union naval fleet bombards the Confederate fortifications. (Feb 16-Mar 27)
February 16, 1864 - Skirmish at Caddo Gap, AR.
February 16, 1864 - Skirmish at Indian Bay, AR.
February 16, 1864 - Skirmish at Lauderdale Springs, MS, between Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA, and Lieut. Gen. Leonidas Polk, CSA, the Meridian, MS, Expedition.
February 16, 1864 - Affair at Fairfield, NC, where the US gunboat, Foster, transports Federals to the Alligator River where a Confederate camp is surrounded and the entire Rebel company is captured; this all taking place during a severe snow storm.
February 16, 1864 - The Confederate vessels, Pet and Spunky, are captured off Wilmington, NC.
February 16, 1864 - Federal expedition against the Indians from Fort Walla Walla to the Snake River, Washington Territory. The Palouse Indians are unable to warn the particular Indian camp surrounded by the Yankees, who proceed to fire into the wigwams. The 31 bucks and 40 squaws and children not killed or mortally wounded were made prisoners. This action taking place 29 miles from a miners' camp, 80 miles from the post on the Snake River and 15 miles below the old Nez Perce Reserve. (Feb 16-23)
February 16, 1865 - Milledge Luke Bonham, C.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.
February 16, 1865 - Isaac Munroe St. John, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
February 16, 1865 - Skirmish 3.5 miles from Gurley's Tank, AL, as the Confederates attack a Federal foraging party.
Federal operations about Bennett's Bayou and Tolbert's Mill, AR, where the Yankees burn the mill, considered to be a meeting place for guerrillas. (Feb 16-18)
February 16, 1865 - Skirmish near Cedar Keys, FL.
February 16, 1865 - Indiana, Louisiana and Nevada become the 13th, 14th, and 15th US states to ratify the 13th Amendment which abolishes slavery.
February 16, 1865 - Federal scout from Fort Larned, KS, to the North fork of the Pawnee, northwest to Walnut Creek, up the South Fork of Walnut Creek, to a large body of timber about 120 miles from Fort Zarah, with no signs of Indians. (Feb 16-21)
February 16, 1865 - Federal scout in Ozark County, MO, and Marion County, AR, against bushwhackers. (Feb 16-20)
February 16, 1865 - Skirmishes about Columbia, SC, between Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA, and Gen. G. T. Beauregard, CSA, as the Union forces arrive on the south bank of the Congaree River, as Beauregard evacuates the city. (Feb 16-17)
February 16, 1865 - The Confederate Cavalry attacks by Brig. Gen. John Crawford Vaughn, CSA, upon the garrisons of Athens and Sweet Water, TN, 45 miles below Knoxville, TN, with the Rebels capturing both garrisons.