On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
February 14, 1818 - Frederick Douglass, African-American abolitionist, lecturer and editor who was also an escaped slave (exact birth year unknown), born in Talbot County, Maryland (d. 1895)
February 14, 1824 - Winfield Scott Hancock, American politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Montgomeryville, Pennsylvania (d. 1886)
February 14, 1824 - Congressional caucus nominates William Crawford for President.
February 14, 1829 - Alfred Iverson Jr., Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Clinton, Georgia (d. 1911)
February 14, 1851 - Baltimore and Ohio Railroad receives a charter to build the Northwestern Virginia Railroad from Grafton to Parkersburg.
February 14, 1859 - Oregon enters the United States as a free state.
February 14, 1862 - Joseph Lewis Hogg, CS A, is appointed Brig. Gen.
February 14, 1862 - Brig. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman, USA, is assigned to the command of the District of Cairo, IL.
February 14, 1862 - Bowling Green, KY, is evacuated by the Confederates and occupied by the Union forces under Brig. Gen. Ormsby M. Mitchel, USA. (Feb 14-15)
February 14, 1862 - Skirmish at Flat Lick Ford, KY.
February 14, 1862 - Skirmish at Crane Creek, MO, with Brig. Gen. Samuel Curtis, USA.
February 14, 1862 - Skirmish near Cumberland Gap, TN, with the Confederate post defended by Col. James E. Rains, CSA, against Lieut. Col. Munday, USA, 1st Kentucky Cavalry.
February 14, 1862 - The Federal ironclads, St. Louis and Louisville, are severely damaged during the siege of Fort Donelson, TN.
February 14, 1862 - Brig. Gen. Ulysses Simpson Grant, USA, is assigned to the command of the District of West Tennessee.
February 14, 1862 - Affair at Bloomery Gap, WV.
February 14, 1863 - Federal expedition to Greenville, MS, and Cypress Bend, AR, with skirmishes:
at Cypress Bend, AR, (Feb 19) and
at Deer Creek and Fish Lake Bridge, near Greenville, MS.
(Feb 23). (Feb 14-26)
February 14, 1863 - The Queen of the West captures the Confederate vessel, the New Era Number Five, and is subsequently captured by the Confederates after running aground. The USS DeSoto rescues the crew of the Queen of the West from capture on the Mississippi River, near Vicksburg.
February 14, 1863 - Affair about 3 miles from Union Mills, VA, as the Rebel cavalry lay an ambush on the Federal Cavalry.
February 14, 1863 - Affair on the Hillsborough Road, and Federal scout to Leesburg, VA.
February 14, 1864 - Affair near Larkinsville, AL, with an attack by bushrangers.
February 14, 1864 - Skirmish at Ross' Landing, AR.
February 14, 1864 - Skirmish at Scott's Farm, Washita Cove, AR.
February 14, 1864 - Skirmish at Gainesville, FL, with Brig. Gen. Truman Seymour, USA.
February 14, 1864 - Union forces under Maj. Gen. Quincy A. Gillmore, USA, occupy Gainesville, FL.
February 14, 1864 - Meridian, MS, is occupied by Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA, who promptly begins to destroy all Confederate contraband of importance; Brig. Gen. William S. Smith, USA, not having arrived as of yet, while Lieut. Gen. Leonidas Polk, CSA, watches the destruction taking place from outside the city, the Meridian, MS, Expedition. (Feb 14-20)
February 14, 1864 - Affair near Brentsville, VA, where Confederates ambush a Union escort, killing 2, wounding 4 Federals.
February 14, 1865 - Wade Hampton. C.S.A.. is appointed Lieut. Gen.
February 14, 1865 - Maj. Gen. Francis J. Herron, USA, assumes the command of the Northern Division of Louisiana.
February 14, 1865 - Federal expeditions from Donaldsonville to Gand Bayou and Bayou Goula, LA, with skirmish (Feb. 15) at Martin's Lane, with guerrillas, most from the 2nd LA Cavalry. (Feb 14-18)
February 14, 1865 - Skirmish at Gunter's Bridge, North Edisto River, SC, as Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA, crosses the Congaree River and pushes on for Columbia, SC.
February 14, 1865 - Skirmish at Wolf's Plantation, SC, as Lieut. Gen. William J. Hardee, CSA, contemplates the evacuation of Charleston.SC.
Maj. Gen. George Stoneman, USA, is assigned to the command of the District of East Tennessee.
February 14, 1865 - Maj. Gen. Horatio G. Wright, USA, resumes the command of the 6th US Army Corps, the Richmond, VA, Campaign.
February 14, 1870 - St. John Richardson Liddell, American Civil War Confederate General, murdered in New Orleans, LA.
February 14, 1891 - William Tecumseh Sherman dies, New York City.
February 14, 1912 - Arizona becomes the 48th state to enter the Union.