On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
February 10, 1818 - Isham Green Harris, Governor of Tennessee and US Senator born in Franklin County, Tennessee. (d. 1897)
February 10, 1821 - Senate passes public lands debt relief bills.
February 10, 1861 - At his plantation home outside Vicksburg, Jefferson Davis receives the news he is the first President of the Confederate States of America. He was hoping to be commander of the military.
February 10, 1862 - Securing Roanoke Island, Ambrose Burnside's navy destroys a small squadron of Confederate vessels in Pamlico Sound.
February 10, 1862 - Navy Secretary Gideon Welles forms an organization to review inventions and technical developments. The group eventually became today's National Academy of Science.
February 10, 1862 - James Patton Anderson, CSA, is promoted to Brig. Gen.
February 10, 1862 - Action at Elizabeth City, or Cobb's Point, NC, between Union gunboats and Confederate forces with the loss of all remaining Confederate ships, including the CSS Ellis, Fanny, Forrest, Seabird, and the Black Warrior. The following Union gunboats participated: Brinker, Ceres, Commodore Perry, Delaware, Hetzel, Louisiana, Morse, Putnam, J. N. Seymour, Shawseen, Underwriter, Valley City, and the Whitehead.
February 10, 1862 - Skirmish on Barnwell's Island, SC.
February 10, 1863 - Skirmish at Old River, LA, where Capt. Tucker, USA, repels the Confederates.
February 10, 1863 - Federal operations on the Red, Atchafalaya, and Black Rivers, LA, and the capture (Feb 14) of the Union ram Queen of the West. (Feb 10-14)
February 10, 1863 - Affair near Camp Sheldon, MS, with the capture of 6 Federal guns.
February 10, 1863 - Skirmish at Sarcoxie Prairie, MO.
February 10, 1863 - Skirmish at Batchelder's Creek, NC.
February 10, 1863 - Skirmish at Chantilly, VA.
February 10, 1863 - Federal operations in Westmoreland and Richmond Counties, VA, including the Union capture of 50 barrels of villainous whiskey. (Feb 10-16)
February 10, 1863 - Federal expedition from Beverly into Pocahontas County, WV, to capture rebel recruiting parties and supplies. (Feb 10-12)
February 10, 1864 - President Lincoln tries to rescue 6 horses from the White House stables during a fire. He is unsuccessful.
February 10, 1864 - Skirmish at Lake Village, AR.
February 10, 1864 - Skirmish at Barber's Ford, FL, wit Brig. Gen. Truman Seymour, USA.
February 10, 1864 - The Federal capture of Camp Cooper, FL, by Brig. Gen. Truman Seymour, USA.
February 10, 1864 - Skirmish at Hillsborough, MS, with Maj. Gen. Sherman, USA, the Meridian, MS, Expedition.
February 10, 1864 - Skirmish at Morton, MS, the Meridian, MS, Expedition.
February 10, 1864 - Skirmish at Pocahontas, MO.
February 10, 1864 - The USS Florida captures and destroys two blockade runners off Masonboro Inlet, NC.
February 10, 1864 - Maj. Gen. George Stoneman, USA, supersedes Brig. Gen. Jacob D. Cox, USA, in command of the 23rd US Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, TN.
February 10, 1865 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.
February 10, 1865 - Skirmish in Johnson's Crook, GA, as Maj. Gen. James B. Steedman, USA, commanding the District of the Etowah, has his men surprise the Confederates here, inflicting casualties.
February 10, 1865 - The Dept. of the Cumberland is declared to consist of the State of Tennessee and such parts of Northern Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi as May be occupied by the troops under the command of Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas, USA.
February 10, 1865 - The Dept. of Kentucky (that consists of the State of Kentucky), is created, and assigned is Maj. Gen. John M. Palmer, USA, to its command.
February 10, 1865 - All troops in the Depts. of Kentucky and the Cumberland are declared subject to orders of Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas, USA, except those posts on the east bank of the Mississippi River, which were subject to the order of Maj. Gen. Edward Sprigg Canby, USA.
February 10, 1865 - Federal expedition from Brashear City to Lake Verret, LA. (Feb 10-11)
February 10, 1865 - Skirmish at Kittredge's Sugar House, near Napoleonville, LA, with a small band of Confederates.
February 10, 1865 - The Dept. of the Gulf is declared to embrace the States of Louisiana and Texas.
February 10, 1865 - Federal expedition from Thibodeaux to Lake Verret, LA, as the Yankees continue to try to ferret out guerrillas; this time coming up empty handed as they traversed the plantations in the area. (Feb 10-13)
February 10, 1865 - The Dept. of Mississippi is declared to embrace as much of the State of Mississippi as was occupied by the troops of the Military Division of West Mississippi on the river.
February 10, 1865 - Federal scout from Friar's Point, MS, and skirmish, with yet another lone guerrilla who is surrounded by the Yankees at his ranch, where surrender was not an option.
February 10, 1865 - Ohio and Missouri become the 11th and 12th states to ratify the 13th amendment which will abolish slavery.
February 10, 1865 - Skirmish at James Island, SC.
February 10, 1865 - Skirmish at Johnson's Station, SC.
February 10, 1865 - Affair 9 miles from Triune, TN, at the house of the widow Patterson, where the Yankees surround Confederates, belonging to Lieut. Gen. John B. Hood's Army of the Tennessee, who were enjoying a ball held there. The Yankees estimate they killed 4 when they fired into the house, as the citizens removed the bodies to hide the fact there were guerrillas partaking in the festivities.
February 10, 1865 - Capt. Raphael Semmes is promoted to Confederate Rear Admiral, CSN, and placed in command of the James River Squadron, VA, replacing Commodore J. K. Mitchell, CSN.