On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
February 8, 1791 - Congress approves the First National Bank of the United States. Washington approves the bill in spite of heavy pressure to veto it.
February 8, 1820 - William Tecumseh Sherman born, Lancaster, Ohio.
February 8, 1824 - Barnard Elliot Bee, Brigadier General born in Charleston, SC. (Confederate Army), (d. 1861)
February 8, 1861 - The Convention of Seceded States adopts a provisional constitution forming the Confederate States of America.
February 8, 1861 - The US Arsenal at Little Rock, AR, under Capt. James Totten, is seized by the Arkansas state troops, by order of Gov. Henry M. Rector.
February 8, 1862 - Martial law is declared throughout the State of Kansas.
February 8, 1862 - Affair at Bolivar, MO.
February 8, 1862 - The Confederate steamers, Sallie Wood and Muscle, are captured at Chickasaw, AL, by the USS Conestoga.
February 8, 1862 - The Battle of Roanoke Island, NC, Albemarle Sound, with Col. Shaw, CSA, filling in for a sick Brig. Gen. Henry Alexander Wise, CSA, surrenders their position to the Union forces under Brig. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside, USA, and with the participation of the following Union gunboats: Brinker, Ceres, Chasseur, Commodore, Barney, Commodore Perry, Delaware, Granite, Hetzel, Hunchback, Hussar, Lockwood, Louisiana, Morse, Pickett, Pioneer, Putnam, J. N. Seymour, Shawseen, Southfield, Stars and Stripes, Underwriter, Valley City, Vidette, and the Whitehead.
February 8, 1862 - Union gunboats move from Roanoke Island, NC, up the Pasquotank River toward Elizabeth City, NC.
February 8, 1862 - Skirmish at Linn Creek, VA.
February 8, 1862 - Skirmish at the mouth of the Blue Stone, Mercer County, WV, by Lieut. Col. William E. Peters, CSA, 45th VA Infantry.
February 8, 1863 - Skirmish near Independence, MO, with guerrillas.
February 8, 1863 - Affair near Camp Sheldon, MS.
February 8, 1864 - Skirmish at Ten-Mile Run, near Camp Finnegan, FL, as Brig. Gen. Truman Seymour, USA, Marches inland from Jacksonville, FL.
February 8, 1864 - Skirmish at Ringgold, GA.
February 8, 1864 - Skirmish at Barboursville, KY.
February 8, 1864 - Skirmish at Donaldsonville, LA.
February 8, 1864 - Affair at Coldwater Ferry, MS, with Maj. Gen. W. Sherman, USA, the Meridian, MS, Expedition.
February 8, 1864 - Skirmish near Morton, MS, the Meridian, MS, Expedition.
February 8, 1864 - Skirmishes at and near Senatobia, MS, the Meridian, MS, Expedition. (Feb 8-9)
February 8, 1864 - Federal scout near Maryville, TN, on the main Sevierville road, with no enemy.
February 8, 1865 - George Baird Hodge, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
February 8, 1865 - Federal expedition down the Arkansas River, aboard the steamer, Davenport, near Little Rock, AR, against guerrillas. (Feb 8-9)
February 8, 1865 - Federal scout from Helena to Madison, AR, with skirmish (Feb 12), with guerrillas near Madison, also destroying about 2,500 bushels of corn and large amounts of bacon. (Feb 8-13)
February 8, 1865 - Maj. Gen. Grenville M. Dodge, USA, assumes the command of the territory formerly comprised in the Dept. of Kansas.
February 8, 1865 - Affair at (1) New Market (Feb 8), where guerrillas captured and burned a train of 9 wagons; (2) skirmish at Bradfordsville (Feb 8), where the guerrillas murder 3 train guards they took as hostages, and (3) skirmish at Hustonville, KY, where the pursuing Yankees make the guerrillas pay for what they've done. (Feb 9). (Feb 8-9)
February 8, 1865 - Massachusetts and Pennsylvania become the 9th and 10th states to ratify the 13th amendment, which will abolish slavery.
Action with Indians on the North Platte River, near Rush Creek, the Nebraska Territory. (Feb 8-9)
February 8, 1865 - Skirmish at Cannon's Bridge, South Edisto River, SC.
February 8, 1865 - Skirmish at Walker's or Valley Bridge, Edisto River, SC.
February 8, 1865 - Skirmish near White Pond, SC.
February 8, 1865 - Skirmish at Williston, SC, with Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA.
February 8, 1867 - Delaware rejects the 14th Amendment.
February 8, 1877 - Charles Wilkes, American Antarctic explorer and naval officer (Union Navy), dies at 78
February 8, 1888 - Robert H. Anderson, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army, dies at 52.