Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
January 5, 1794 - Southern agriculturist, writer and nationalistic leader Edmund Ruffin born, Prince George County, Virginia.
January 5, 1804 - The Ohio legislature passes 1st laws restricting free blacks movement.
January 5, 1813 - Thomas Neville Waul, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Sumter County, South Carolina (d. 1903)
January 5, 1822 - Joseph Brevard Kershaw, Major General (Confederate Army), born in Camden, South Carolina (d. 1894)
January 5, 1828 - August Valentine Kautz, German-American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Baden, Germany (d. 1895)
January 5, 1840 - John Doby Kennedy, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Camden, South Carolina (d. 1896)
January 5, 1846 - The United States House of Representatives votes to stop sharing the Oregon Territory with the United Kingdom.
January 5, 1860 - Jefferson Davis comes out in favor of secession for the first time.
January 5, 1861 - At the last minute General Winfield Scott substitutes the Star of the West, a New York based merchant marine vessel for the Brooklyn, a heavily armed and reinforced sloop ordered to sail to Fort Sumter to resupply the federal outpost. The Brooklyn, however, is to travel to Fort Sumter with the Star of the West.
January 5, 1861 - Forts Morgan and Gaines, AL, are seized by the Alabama state troops in an attempt to protect Mobile, AL.
January 5, 1861 - The US Senators from the southern states of Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas meet in Washington, DC, to discuss the options of seceding from the United States.
January 5, 1862 - The bombardment of Hancock, MD, by Maj. Gen. Thomas J. Jackson's Confederate artillery batteries firing across the Potomac River. (Jan 5-6)
January 5, 1862 - Operations in Johnson and La Fayette Counties, MO, and skirmish at Columbus, MO, with Lieut. Col. D. R. Anthony, 1st KS Cav. (Jan 5-12)
January 5, 1863 - Following two days of off and on skirmishing around Jonesville, VA, Confederates surround the Union force and take 200 prisoners after a pitched battle.
January 5, 1863 - Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA, assumes the command of the 2nd US Army Corps, the Army of the Mississippi, while enroute with Maj. Gen. John McClernand towards Fort Hindman, AR.
January 5, 1863 - Skirmish at Lytle's Creek, on the Manchester Pike, TN.
January 5, 1863 - Murfreesboro, TN, is occupied by the Union forces.
January 5, 1863 - Skirmish on the Shelbyville Pike, TN.
January 5, 1863 - Skirmish at Cub Run, VA.
January 5, 1863 - Skirmish near Moorefield, WV.
January 5, 1864 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.
January 5, 1864 - The following are appointed Union Brigadier Generals:
Christopher Columbus Andrews, USA
Cyrus Bussey, USA
Philippe Regis Denis de Trobriand, USA
John Wallace Fuller, USA
John Franklin Miller, USA
January 5, 1864 - Skirmish at Lawrence's Mill, TN, where the Union forage party attacked the Confederate pickets at Lawrence's Mill, 5 miles east of Mossy Creek, and captured 12 Confederates with their arms and 9 horses, without any loss.
January 5, 1864 - Skirmish on the Pecos River, near Fort Sumner, the New Mexico Territory, with Navajo Indians. The Apaches assist the Federals since their herd of horses were stolen. Many Navajo casualties. The weather is extremely cold.
January 5, 1880 - Benjamin J. Hill, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 54 in McMinnville, TN.