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  1. Pat Young

    Did Nathan Bedford Forrest Order the Ku Klux Klan to Disband January 25, 1869? A Discussion of KKK General Order Number 1

    There are many references in Forrest biographies of his ordering the disbanding of the Ku Klux Klan on January 25, 1869 in his General Order Number 1 issued in his role as Grand Wizard of the Klan. @diane provided me with a link to the order. What do you make of it? What does it say? Does it...
  2. Pat Young

    The Moment the Rope Encircles the Neck of a Negro These Loyal Gentlemen Cry Aloud "Ku Klux" Jan. 1869

    The letters to the editor are one way of gauging public opinion. This letter appeared in a Democratic paper in Memphis Tennessee opposing white people cooperating with the police against the Ku Kluxers. Commercial Appeal Friday, Jan 29, 1869 Memphis, TN Vol: 29 Page: 3
  3. Pat Young

    The Ku Klux Killing of Detective Seymour Barmore in Tennessee January 1869

    Parson Brownlow waged a running battle with the Ku Klux Klan until his last days in office as governor of Tennessee. In 1869, his militia moved into Klan Kountry to combat the secret terrorist organization. As part of his war on the Klan, Brownlow hired Cincinnati detective Seymour Barmore to...
  4. Pat Young

    KKK: The Last Attacks of 1868

    1868 was the worst year for Ku Klux violence so far. Christmas-time saw continued attacks, even though the total number declined after the 1868 elections. The NY Herald was a Democratic newspaper. New York Herald Friday, Dec 25, 1868 New York, NY Vol: XXXIII Issue: 360 Page: 4
  5. Pat Young

    KKK Raiders "Defeated by Negroes" in Livingston, Tenn. Dec. 20, 1868

    New York Herald Tuesday, Jan 12, 1869 New York, NY Vol: XXXIV Issue: 12 Page: 7
  6. Pat Young

    When Klan Violence Got So Bad Ex-Confederates Rode Against Them in 1869

    Memphis Daily Avalanche Wednesday, Jan 06, 1869 Memphis, TN Vol: Eleven Issue:207 Page: 4
  7. Pat Young

    Ku Klux Kard Game January 1869

    By the end of 1868 the Ku Klux Klan, unknown just a few years earlier, was so widespread in the South that its name was applied to completely unrelated products. Here is a reference to a card game: Mobile Register Sunday, Jan 31, 1869 Mobile, AL Vol: 1 Issue: 312 Page: 4
  8. Pat Young

    Murder of Judge Inconveniences Young People Hoping to Marry December 1868 Ku Klux Klan

    The Pulaski Citizen was the first newspaper to express sympathy for the Ku Klux Klan. Its pages provided the original impulse for the expansion of the group. Articles on various outrages by the Klan were often couched in ironic or humorous language. Here, the killing of a Republican judge is...
  9. Pat Young

    "They hung three or four negroes nearly dead" The Ku Klux in Florence, Ala. Nov. 26, 1868

    This account of a Ku Klux Klan occupation of Florence comes from the Democratic newspaper the Daily Phoenix. It was originally published in the Memphis Avalanche, a paper sympathetic to the Ku Klux Klan. Daily phoenix Sunday, Dec 06, 1868 Columbia, SC Vol: 4 Page: 5
  10. Pat Young

    "The Murder of Negroes is a Daily Occurrence" Lousiana Political Violence & the Election of 1868

    In my research I came across this report from the Louisiana General Assembly on racial and political violence in the state during the lead-up to the Election of 1868. The incidents covered ran up to September 24, 1868, hence the report did not cover the period of most intense violence right...
  11. Pat Young

    Nathan Bedford Forrest Calls for an End to the War Against Suspected Klan Members Oct. 1868

    The Democratic paper The New York World published this excerpt from a letter from Nathan Bedfor Forrest calling for an end to the efforts of Gov. Brownlow to suppress the Ku Klux Klan. World Tuesday, Oct 06, 1868 New York, NY Page: 11
  12. Pat Young

    General George Thomas Reports on the Ku Klux Klan in Tennessee Nov. 1868

    I found this report in the: Daily Union and American Sunday, Nov 22, 1868 Nashville, TN Page: 2
  13. Pat Young

    A New Newspaper: The Ultra Ku Klux "intends to criticize without...mercy"

    I saw this announcement of a new newspaper called the Ultra Ku Klux. I have not seen any surviving issues. If you know of any, please post a link or screenshot. Grenada Sentinel Saturday, Sep 12, 1868 Grenada, MS Vol: 14 Page: 4
  14. Pat Young

    Ku Klux Flour? 1868

    So I am reading my daily farm report and I see the report on commodities and darn if there isn't something called Ku Klux Flour! It is on the ninth line down. Oxford Falcon Saturday, Oct 03, 1868 Oxford, MS Vol: 3 Page: 3
  15. Pat Young

    Gen. Miles Believes Repeating Rifles Imported to North Carolina to Support KKK and Seymour Oct. 1868

    This communication between North Carolina Gov. Holden and military commander Gen. Miles appeared in the pages of the Western Democrat. I have also added at the end an excerpt from the denial of the charge by the Western Democrat. Western Democrat Tuesday, Oct 13, 1868 Charlotte, NC Vol...
  16. Pat Young

    A Famous Cartoon of the Klan Hanging Carpet-Baggers Was Accompanied by Even Worse Article Sept. 1868

    The Democratic newspaper the Independent Monitor of Tuscaloosa, Alabama, published one of the most reprinted cartoons of the Reconstruction Era on September 1, 1868 titled A prospective scene in the City of Oaks, 4th of March, 1869. The cartoon depicts what would happen to carpet-baggers after...
  17. Pat Young

    Ku Klux Pirates Capture Shipment of Weapons Meant for Arkansas Militia

    Gov. Clayton of Arkansas secured a shipment of weapons for his militia to take on the Ku Klux Klan in 1868. The muskets were shipped on The Hesper, which was captured on Oct. 15, 1868: The New Rebellion. Capture of Gov. Clayton's Arms-a Ku-Kluk Klan Outrage Near Memphis More New York Tribune...
  18. Pat Young

    Klan Skepticism and Denial in the Reconstruction Era

    Klan Skepticism and Denial in Reconstruction-Era Public Discourse Elaine Frantz Parsons The Journal of Southern History Vol. 77, No. 1 (FEBRUARY 2011), pp. 53-90 Elaine Parsons has devoted a leading historian of the First Ku Klux Klan. In this 2011 article she describes a phenomena I have come...
  19. Pat Young

    Ku Klux Soda Fountain in Pulaski Tenn. August, 1868

    Pulaski, Tn. is usually considered the birthplace of the Ku Klux Klan. Pulaski Citizen Friday, Aug 28, 1868 Pulaski, TN Vol: 10 Page: 4
  20. Pat Young

    "The Ku Klux Dare Not Hurt One of Them" Advice to Black Voters in North Carolina Sept. 1868

    The North Carolina Standard was the newspaper of William Holden, a pre-war Unionist who only supported the Confederacy after Lincoln's call for troops to suppress the rebellion. After the war, Holden supported North Carolina's acceptance of civil rights and the suffrage for blacks. In 1868 he...
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