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Union soldiers who died here.

Discussion in 'Researching Your Civil War Ancestry' started by DixieRifles, Mar 23, 2010.

  1. DixieRifles

    DixieRifles Sergeant Major Forum Host

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    This is not my ancestor but I'm researching Union soldiers who died of disease in our town. I have resource to view Confederate Service Records but not UNION. I have a two part Thread.

    [1] These soldier were listed as died in 1862. But I think the Year I have is wrong. Others in this regiment died late in 1862, so I was wondering if this should be February 1863?

    Bonney, Edwin A. Pvt, Co. K, 12 Wisconsin Vol. Infantry Died: Feb 12, 1862.
    Colgan, James M. Pvt, Co. A, 12 Wisconsin Vol. Infantry Died: Feb 24, 1862.

    Does anyone have a brief history of the 12 Wisconsin Regiment? When did it arrive in West Tennessee and Collierville? Just a brief history of where they were thru 1862.



    [2] There were 16 members of the 100th Indiana Infantry Regiment who died of small pox between March and May of 1863 in Collierville (Colliersville), Tenn. Here is a list of a few of the names in case anyone can look up their service records.

    Cluck, George, Pvt Co. B D: April 1, 1863
    Dillingham, Jerome B. Pvt Co. B D: April 29, 1863
    Grubb, John, Pvt Co. A D: March 18, 1864 (the following year)
    Hiestand, Samuel Pvt, Co. C D: April 15, 1863
    Klien, Cleveland A. Sgt, Co. A D: April 2, 1863
    Ware, William F. Sgt, Co. H. D: April 4, 1863

    Is there a webpage or a Google Book that has a history of this regiment and describes these losses? Hmm...Is there any mention of this epidemic in the ORs??

    Steve
     

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  3. DixieRifles

    DixieRifles Sergeant Major Forum Host

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    I still can't find a "free" Google Book on the 100th Indiana Regiment. But I found a webpage with a brief history of its service, which was listed as follows:

    SERVICE.-
    Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign.
    Operations on the Mississippi Central Railroad November 26, 1862, to January 10, 1863.
    Duty at Colliersville, Tenn., and along the Memphis & Charleston Railroad till June 7.
    Ordered to Vicksburg, Miss., June 7.
    Siege of Vicksburg June 14-July 4.
    Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 4-10.
    Siege of Jackson July 10-17.
    Camp at Big Black till September 28.
    Moved to Memphis, Tenn., thence march to Chattanooga, Tenn., September 28-November 20.

    I read this to mean they could NOT have arrived in the vicinity of the Memphis & Charleston RR before November 1862. Agree?

    Steve
     
  4. DixieRifles

    DixieRifles Sergeant Major Forum Host

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    Also found a brief history of the 12 Wisconsin Regiment.

    1862
    Moved to St. Louis, Mo., thence to Columbus, Ky., May 29-June 2.
    Repairing Mobile & Ohio Railroad and duty at Union City and Humboldt, Tenn., till October 1.
    Moved to Bolivar, October 1 and duty there till November 2.
    Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign, operations on the Mississippi Central Railroad, November 2, 1862, to January 10, 1863.
    Reconnoissance from La Grange toward Hilly Springs November 8, 1862.
    Moved to Lumpkin's Mills December 24, thence march to Colliersville, Tenn., via Holly Springs, Moscow and Lafayette, and guard duty along Memphis & Charleston Railroad till March 14, 1863.


    This says the 12 Wisconsin arrived in Collierville after June 1862. Those two soldiers could not have died here in Feb 1862. Still would like to see something from their service or pension records.

    Steve
     
  5. johan_steele

    johan_steele Lt. Colonel Retired Moderator

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    Memphis had a hospital, a decent sized one. It was not unusual for soldiers to be sent to larger hospitals where it was thought better care might be had. Detachments were also no uncommon. Disease was in general epidemic w/ some units suffering 50% loss or more to diseases. Most hospitals had ledgers that were quite detailed about when & who was admitted, the trick is finding where they went & if they survived to today.
     
  6. DixieRifles

    DixieRifles Sergeant Major Forum Host

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    Collierville is 26 miles outside of Memphis: RR marker #24.
    I'm working from a list of ~50 soldiers who died here and then were re-interned at the National Cemetery in Memphis when it opened in 1867. There was a temporary hospital here---which we are trying to locate the site. As late as 1905, two Union graves of Unknown soldiers were located that had buttons marked "MA" for Maryland, but no one actually knows where the hospital was located. We have some oral history passed down through families.

    They were re-interred in Section E, Section 9 at Memphis National Cemetery. However, their records were forwarded to DC and they were lost. Or at least the connection to Collierville was lost. Their service records are probably intact.

    My questions is to document the correct date the two Wisconsin men died and learn more about the epidemic that hit the 100th Indiana.

    Steve
     
  7. DixieRifles

    DixieRifles Sergeant Major Forum Host

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    Okay, I did check Footnote.com for Pension Records. I found this card which appears to be Pvt Bonney. What does this date mean?

    Bonney, Edwin A.

    Co.: K 12 REGT: Wis InfDate of Filing 1863 May 18
    Application No. 2.1.881
    Certificate No. 29.591

    Class: Mother Application no: 506.861 Law. g(?)


    The last line was written in by hand in the bottom row under existing column headers.
    I assume the Date is when his Mother applied for his Pension. I sure wish this card had more info: Deceased? You assume so. How? Date? Etc.

    Steve
     
  8. 5fish

    5fish 1st Lieutenant

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    I found this overview of the 100th Indiana....Where in your town form Nov. 26. 1862 to Jan 10, 1863...on til June 7, 1863

    100th Regiment Infantry "Persimmon Regiment"

    Organized at Fort Wayne, Ind., and mustered in September 10, 1862. Left State for Memphis, Tenn., November 11. Attached to 2nd Brigade, District of Memphis, Tenn., 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, November, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, District of Memphis, 13th Army Corps, to December, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 17th Army Corps, to January, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 16th Army Corps, to July, 1863. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 15th Army Corps, to August, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 15th Army Corps, to September, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 15th Army Corps, to June, 1865.

    SERVICE.--Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign. Operations on the Mississippi Central Railroad November 26, 1862, to January 10, 1863. Duty at Colliersville, Tenn., and along the Memphis & Charleston Railroad until June 7. Ordered to Vicksburg, Miss., June 7. Siege of Vicksburg June 14-July 4. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 4-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. Camp at Big Black until September 28. Moved to Memphis, Tenn., thence march to Chattanooga, Tenn., September 23-November 20. Operations on the Memphis & Charleston Railroad in Alabama October 20-29. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Tunnel Hill November 23-24. Mission Ridge November 25. March to relief of Knoxville, Tenn., November 28-December 8. Moved to Scottsboro, Ala., and duty there December 17, 1863, to May, 1864. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1 to September 8. Demonstration on Resaca May 8-13. Near Resaca May 13. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Movement on Dallas May 18-25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Brushy Mountain June 15. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Battle of Atlanta July 22. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Ezra Chapel, Hood's second sortie, July 28. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama September 29-November 3. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Griswoldsville November 22. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Reconnaissance to Salkehatchie River, S.C., January 25, 1865. Congaree Creek, S.C., February 15. Columbia February 16-17. Battle of Bentonville, N. C., March 19-21. Mill Creek March 22. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 20. Grand Review May 24. Mustered out July 8, 1865. Recruits transferred to 48th Indiana Infantry.

    Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 56 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 173 Enlisted men by disease. Total 234.
     
  9. 5fish

    5fish 1st Lieutenant

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    I think this will narrow the window of when the 12th was near Collierville....I paste in the following...


    With the division, the regiment in January, 1863, marched first to Holly Springs, thence by way of Moscow and Lafayette, to Collierville, and in February, moved to near Neville Station on the Memphis and Charleston Railroad, where they engaged in guarding the railroad until the 14th of March, when the division marched to Memphis. During much of this time, Colonel Bryant was in command of the Third Brigade, Lieutenant Colonel Poole commanding the regiment.
     
  10. 5fish

    5fish 1st Lieutenant

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    Are these soldiers buried in your town if not why do you think they died in your town...Wis 12th left their state on Jan 1862 for Missouri...
     
  11. 5fish

    5fish 1st Lieutenant

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    I found a more detail history of the 12th....

    12th Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry
    Organized in Madison, Wis., October 18 to December 13, 1861. Left State for Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, January 11, 1862. At Weston, Mo., till February 15. Reach Fort Leavenworth February 16. Attached to Dept. of Kansas to June, 1862. District of Columbus, Ky., Dept. of the Tennessee, to October, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, District of Jackson, Tenn., to November, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, Right Wing 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, 17th Army Corps, to January. 1863. 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, 16th Army Corps. to July, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, 13th Army Corps, to August, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, 17th Army Corps, to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 17th Army Corps, to July. 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 17th Army Corps, to July, 1865.


    March from Fort Leavenworth to Fort Scott, Kansas, March 1-7, 1862, and duty there till March 27. Ordered to Lawrence, Kansas, March 27, thence to Fort Riley April 20 and to Fort Leavenworth May 27. Moved to St. Louis, Mo., thence to Columbus, Ky., May 29-June 2. Repairing Mobile & Ohio Railroad and duty at Union City and Humboldt, Tenn., till October 1. Moved to Bolivar October 1 and duty there till November 2. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign, operations on the Mississippi Central Railroad, November 2, 1862, to January 10, 1863. Reconnoissance from La Grange toward Hilly Springs November 8, 1862. Moved to Lumpkin's Mills December 24, thence march to Colliersville, Tenn., via Holly Springs, Moscow and Lafayette, and guard duty along Memphis & Charleston Railroad till March 14, 1863. Moved to Memphis and duty there till May. Expedition to Coldwater River April 18-24. Hernando April 18. Perry's Ferry, Coldwater River, April 19. Ordered to Vicksburg, Miss., May 11. Siege of Vicksburg , Miss., May 22-July 4. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 4-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. Duty at Vicksburg till August 15. Ordered to Natchez, Miss., August 15, and duty there till November 22. Expedition to Harrisonburg September 1-8. Near Harrisonburg and capture of Fort Beauregard September 4. Ordered to Vicksburg, Miss., November 22 and duty there till February, 1864. *******n Campaign February 3-March 2. Champion's Hill and Bolton's Depot February 4. Canton February 29. Veterans on furlough till May. Non-veterans on duty at Vicksburg till April, then join Regiment at Cairo, Ill. Moved to Clifton, Tenn., May 5-14, thence march to Ackworth, Ga., via Huntsville and Decatur, Ala., and Rome, Ga., May 14-June 8. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 8 to September 8. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Howell's Ferry July 5. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Nickajack Creek July 6-8. Leggett's or Bald Hill July 20-21. Atlanta July 22. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. FACE="Courier Ezra Chapel, July 28. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro , August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama September 30-November 3. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Pocotaligo, S. C., January 14. Salkehatchie Swamp, February 2-5. Binnaker's Swamp, South Edisto River, February 9. Orangeburg February 11-12. Columbia February 16-17. Battle of Bentonville, N. C., March 19-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D. C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 19. Grand Review May 24. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June. Mustered out July 20, 1865.


    Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 93 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 224 Enlisted men by disease. Total

    Here is a another history of the 100th....

    100th Regiment, Indiana Infantry
    Organized at Fort Wayne, Ind., and mustered in September 10, 1862. Left State for Memphis, Tenn., November 11. Attached to 2nd Brigade, District of Memphis, Tenn., 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, November, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, District of Memphis, 13th Army Corps, to December, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 17th Army Corps, to January, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 16th Army Corps, to July, 1863. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 15th Army Corps, to August, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 15th Army Corps, to September, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 15th Army Corps, to June, 1865.

    SERVICE.- Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign. Operations on the Mississippi Central Railroad November 26, 1862, to January 10, 1863. Duty at Colliersville, Tenn., and along the Memphis & Charleston Railroad till June 7. Ordered to Vicksburg, Miss., June 7. Siege of Vicksburg June 14-July 4. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 4-10. Siege of Jackson July 10-17. Camp at Big Black till September 28. Moved to Memphis, Tenn., thence march to Chattanooga, Tenn., September 28-November 20. Operations on the Memphis & Charleston Railroad in Alabama October 20-29. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Tunnel Hill November 23-24. Mission Ridge November 25. March to relief of Knoxville, Tenn., November 28-December 8. Moved to Scottsboro, Ala., and duty there December 17, 1863, to May, 1864. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1 to September 8. Demonstration on Resaca May 8-13. Near Resaca May 13. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Movement on Dallas May 18-25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Brushy Mountain June 15. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Battle of Atlanta July 22. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Ezra Chapel, Hood's second sortie, July 28. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama September 29-November 3. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Griswoldsville November 22. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Reconnoissance to Salkehatchie River, S. C., January 25, 1865. Congaree Creek, S. C., February 15. Columbia February 16-17. Battle of Bentonville, N. C., March 19-21. Mill Creek March 22. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D. C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 20. Grand Review May 24. Mustered out July 8, 1865. Recruits transferred to 48th Indiana Infantry.

    Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 56 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 173 Enlisted men by disease. Total 234.

    I think this will answer your question of when they were near your town,,,,
     
  12. DixieRifles

    DixieRifles Sergeant Major Forum Host

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    Switching to other subject, I searched the OR for info on 100th Indiana Regiment. I can't seem to get a hit using the on-line search. I can never get the Boolean search routine to work.
    BUT, I did find an OR from Gen. Chalmers dated June 4, 1863 that gave the dispostion of troops located on the M&CRR line from Memphis to Corinth. An attached table listed the 100 Indiana at Moscow, Tenn. It would make sense that if their men were stricken with small pox, that they may have been moved to the hospital in Collierville. These 16 men probably died in the hospital and were buried here.

    I downloaded an image of the Table and OR. I would post it hear but it is probably too hard to read. BTW, the report from Chalmers scouts estimated the strength of the Union forces to be 15,700. This was after Grierson's raid that sent 1,700 away from LaGrange. Also, the 12 Wisconsin was used as a diversion for Griersons Raid and then returned to Memphis.

    Steve
     
  13. DixieRifles

    DixieRifles Sergeant Major Forum Host

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    5fish,
    My Reference# states these soldiers of both the 12 Wisconsin and 100 Indiana were buried here. They were re-interred in 1867 to Memphis. I don't have the original source for this list of names. So I am guessing there are made in the data as it was transcribed from one source to another.

    # Reference is a History of Collierville published by a local historian that includes a collection of data, maps, and photos from 1850 to 1970.

    Steve
     
  14. 5fish

    5fish 1st Lieutenant

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    I found this reference in a book about Collierville and smallpox....pages 210 and 211....

    http://books.google.com/books?id=tj...resnum=4&ved=0CEYQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=&f=false

    Here a book on Wisconsin....

    Wisconsin losses in the civil war: a list of the names of ...

    Wisconsin. Commission on civil war records - 1915 - 343 pages
    La Grange, Tenn Hospital boat Memphis, Tenn St. Louis, Mo Pearl River, Miss Natchez, Miss Humboldt, Tenn. ... Miss Savannah, Ga Bolivar, Tenn Leavenworth, Kansas Memphis, Tenn Fort Riley, Kansas Collierville, Tenn Natchez, ...
    books.google.com - Book overview - No preview
     
  15. DixieRifles

    DixieRifles Sergeant Major Forum Host

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    5fish,

    Thanks. Believe it or not, I had already discovered this book a few months ago---before I started searching for info on this small pox epidemic. This is about Walter Quintin Gresham, the Colonel of the 53 Ohio and his wife, Matilda. I had forgotten about this. She had some interesting observations about the town.
    It's great re-discovering this. She wrote:
    "There was much sickness among the soldiers---smallpox and typhoid fever. There was a pesthouse in the town for those afflicated with smallpox. "

    I had found another reference to the wife of the 7th Illinois Cavalry who also visited the area while her husband was sick. One of these two had stayed in a home in or near town. That presented another topic to research.

    Thanks for searching.
    Steve
     
  16. 5fish

    5fish 1st Lieutenant

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    I looked for an epidemic of smallpox but there was no mention of one. I can tell form reading the area was ripe with smallpox, typhoid fever, yellow fever and numerous other bugs...Collierville turned two churches into smallpox hospitals. I found a place that referred to an epidemic of yellow fever in the Shelby county area in 1863..I think that disease was just ripe within the army back then....It was just part of being in the army. I think what we consider to be an epidemic today was just part of life back then..

    Note: I do agree some the the death years of the men you are looking at are wrong...as you suspected...
     
  17. DixieRifles

    DixieRifles Sergeant Major Forum Host

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    5fish, I KNOW the Year is incorrect. Our research team is being very careful to document everything. Some false info has been published so we must have proof to support our view.

    We obtained a map sketch of the town from the Library of Congress that shows a brigade garrisoned here. Someone at sometime had written in "Jany 1862". Now everyone thinks that Union troops occupied the town in January 1862. They quote another story passed down through a family's history that a Union camp was here at that time. There is NOTHING that supports this. The unit history of the Regiments shown on the sketch were here in January 1863---not 62.

    Is that found in Gresham's account? I may need your reference. There was an epidemic here but that was a few decades later. Also, I don't recall if the town even had two churches here.

    We are erecting signs around the town for the Tennessee Civil War Trails. One sign will describe a hospital but we really don't know the house it was located. We may have to change the plans for the sign so it will describe the cemetery and the disease. If we don't get it right, we will get some phone calls for sure.

    Steve
     
  18. 5fish

    5fish 1st Lieutenant

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    Here's a web site that mention a Yellow fever epidemic in Shelby 1862.. I might have been off a year. The site mention many epidemics were never recorded,,,

    http://www.randolphcountyillinois.net/sub59.htm

    Churches in the area...I think one was the Bethesda Church which I think is still standing and the other was a Methodist one which I think is now gone....

    I
     
  19. DixieRifles

    DixieRifles Sergeant Major Forum Host

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    5fish,
    Good link. Did you note further down the list, this county had another epidemic:

    1878 Tennessee, Shelby County, Memphis yellow fever more than 5,000 fatalities 25,000 persons in crazed flight, and 5,000 more sheltered in concentration camps.
    This was the other epidemic that my reference had mentioned. My reference source for our local history is:

    "Collierville, Tennessee - Her People and Neighbors", by Clarene Pinkston Russell, Published by Town of Collierville, 1994, 535 pages.

    This book includes a Civil War Army map drawn by 1st Lt. James H. Wilson in 1863. It has provide us with some great clues to the layout of the "battlefield" of the time and the roads that Chalmers' troops used to enter the town. However it doesn't show the location of the earthen fort. This Lt. Wilson was General Grant's topographical engineer. He rose up thru the ranks and was promoted to general(I think it was) and eventually commanded a Cavalry Brigade. It was his brigade that General Forrest choose to surrender to in Mobile area.

    This book also has a history of the first Churches to arrive; some as early as 1836. I don't see a Bethesda Church. However the first one here was a Baptist Church that was known as "Shiloh" Church at one time. The 3rd church here was the Methodist and it is still here---they had to tear down the old building and move into a larger one.

    I acknowledge that the disease that hit the Union encampment here in 1863 was not an "epidemic". There were a lot of deaths but disease was common among those crowded camps. That was MY word that I used to describe these deaths. I guess my choice of words was an over-kill. . . . oops, I did it again.

    Steve
     
  20. virginiayankee

    virginiayankee Cadet

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    There are two published regimental histories for the 100th Indiana that you might want to get through interlibrary loan. The first one is Memorabilia of the Marches and Battles in Which the One Hundredth Regiment of Indiana Infantry Volunteers Took an Active Part by E. J Sherlock. Google Books indicates that it was republished in 2008. The other one is With Sherman to the Sea, the Civil War Diary & Reminiscences of Theodore F. Upson by Theodore F. Upson.

    Tony
     
  21. 5fish

    5fish 1st Lieutenant

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