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General William A. Quarles CSA

Discussion in 'Campfire Chat - General Discussions' started by M E Wolf, Aug 3, 2009.

  1. M E Wolf

    M E Wolf Colonel Retired Moderator

    Feb 9, 2008
    Dear Gen. States Rights Gist;

    Per your private request:

    Name QUARLES, William Andrew
    Born July 4 1825, nr Jamestown VA
    Died December 28 1893, Logan Cty KY
    Pre-War Profession Lawyer, judge, railroad president.
    War Service 1861 Col. in 42nd Tennessee, Fort Donelson (c), exchanged, given brigade command at Port Hudson, Vicksburg campaign, Dist. of the Gulf, August 1863 Brig. Gen., commanded Quarles’ Bde/Cantey’s Divn in Atlanta campaign, commanded Quarles’ Bde/Walthall’s Divn at Franklin (w,c), paroled May 1865.
    Post War Career Lawyer, politician.
    O.R.--SERIES I--VOLUME XLV/1 [S# 93]
    NOVEMBER 14, 1864-JANUARY 23, 1865.--Campaign in North Alabama and Middle Tennessee.
    No. 246.--Reports of Maj. Gen. Edward C. Walthall, C. S. Army, commanding division and rear guard of infantry, of operations November 20, 1864-January 8, 1865.
    Brigadier-General Quarles was severely wounded at the head of his brigade within a short distance of the enemy's inner line, and all his staff officers with him on the field were killed; and so heavy were the losses in his command that when the battle ended its officer highest in rank was a captain. I regret that I cannot here so present the details of this desperate conflict as to show how severely the courage and manhood of my troops were tested, and to give to the living and the dead the full measure of their honors well earned, though in defeat. Unequal to this, I am content to say that a bolder and steadier assault, or one more likely to prevail without greater numbers, could not have been made upon those formidable works than was made by the gallant and skillful brigade commanders of my division with the brave and faithful troops under their command.
    O.R.--SERIES I--VOLUME XLV/2 [S# 94]

    Near Spring Hill, Tenn., December 1864--7.30 p.m.
    Maj. Gen. H. W. HALLECK,
    Washington, D.C.:
    The enemy have been vigorously pursued to-day, but have studiously avoided any attack by my troops. I have succeeded in taking a few prisoners, some 200 or 300, but our captures are light in comparison with the successes of the past few days. The pursuit will be continued in the morning at as early an hour as the troops can march. The following copies of orders, found in Breckinridge's camp in East Tennessee, are transmitted for your information:

    Wytherville, Va., December 2, 1864.
    In accordance with orders received from the Ordnance Department at Richmond that it has become of vital importance to husband small-arms ammunition and lead, the order is published that all lead which can be gleaned from battle-fields, or otherwise obtained, will be collected by the brigade ordnance officer, and to be sent to the nearest arsenal or ordnance depot. Whenever guns are to be relieved of their loads the balls should be drawn, if practicable; otherwise, the loads should be discharged into boxes of sand or dirt, so that the lead may be recovered and turned into the ordinance department. The attention of the commanding officers is called to the necessity giving rise to this order, and its rigid enforcement is strictly enjoined.
    By command of Major-General Breckinridge:
    Assistant Adjutant-General.
    Wytheville, Va, December 2, 1864.
    The attention of commanding officers is called to the scarcity of forage in this department, and the absolute necessity of economy in its consumption. Evidences of its waste have been observed heretofore. The proper officers must, in all cases, superintend the issue of forage, and commanding officers and every company officer must give his strict personal attention.
    By command of Major-General Breckinridge:
    W. B. MYERS,
    Assistant Adjutant-General.
    I have found the railroad, thus far, but little disturbed, and my trains will be up by railroad in a day or two at the furthest. The telegraph is up with me now. 1 find upon receiving more correct reports of the operations of the 16th instant, that Maj. Gen Ed. Johnson's entire division, with all the brigade commanders, was captured in the works which were carried by assault, besides destroying a brigade of the enemy's cavalry and capturing its commander, Brigadier-General Rucker. Among the captures made to-day are the rebel Brigadier-General Quarles, wounded, and a member of other rebels, also wounded, lying in the houses by the roadside, unable to get away.
    Major-General, U.S. Volunteers, Commanding.

    O.R.--SERIES I--VOLUME XLV/2 [S# 94]
    Near Spring Hill, December 18, 1864--9 p.m.
    Col. J. G. PARKHURST,
    Provost-Marshal-General, Dept. of the Cumberland, Nashville:
    The major-general commanding directs me to say that he desires you to repair as soon as possible to Franklin, Tenn., and register the names of the rebel wounded and attendants left at that place by the enemy, and also to make preparations for their speedy removal to the rebel hospital at Nashville. There are also a number of rebel wounded, including the rebel Brigadier-General Quarles, in houses on the road between Franklin and Spring Hill; these are also to be registered and sent to Nashville as rapidly as possible.
    I am, colonel, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
    Assistant Adjutant-General.

    O.R.--SERIES I--VOLUME XLIX/2 [S# 104]
    Union Correspondence, Orders, And Returns Relating To Operations In Kentucky, Southwestern Virginia, Tennessee, Northern And Central Georgia, Mississippi, Alabama, And West Florida, From March 16 To June 30, 1865. (*)--#24
    Nashville, Tenn., May 3, 1865--4 p.m. (Received 7.50 p.m.)
    Lieut. Gen. U.S. GRANT:
    Are paroled prisoners of war surrendered by Lee now to be permitted to come to their former homes in Tennessee? Many have come here with orders granting them that privilege made from your headquarters in the field in Virginia. Have I authority to release on parole prisoners' of war in prison and hospitals in this department upon their taking the oath of allegiance? These prisoners were all captured in battle. Among them are Brigadier-General Quarles, of Tennessee, and Brigadier-General Sears, of Louisiana, both severely wounded.
    Major-General, Commanding.


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  3. M E Wolf

    M E Wolf Colonel Retired Moderator

    Feb 9, 2008
    Confederate Military History, Vol. 6
    On the 22d of June, Hood, on the left, was involved in a bloody fight with troops of Hooker and Schofield. Hood reported that Hindman and Stevenson had been attacked, while Sherman reported that Hood suddenly sallied and opened the fight. It seems from the testimony of officers and men that the Confederates repulsed an attack, and then, driving in the Federal advanced line, attempted to capture some intrenched artillery on a hill. In moving for that purpose they came under a destructive fire of artillery, which compelled them to withdraw, with the loss, says Johnston, of about 1,000 men.. This was known as the battle of Kolb's Farm. On the 23d, Sherman reported: "Our lines are now in close contact and the fighting is incessant, with a good deal of artillery fire. As fast as we gain one position, the enemy has another ready." On the 24th an unusually severe attack was made upon the skirmishers of Hardee's corps, who unaided repelled the assault. The Second Georgia battalion of sharpshooters held the rifle-pits on Walker's front against furious and repeated attempts of the enemy.
    It was at this stage of the fighting that Sherman determined to try a direct front attack on Johnston' ine. He says: "The enemy and our own officers had settled down to a conviction that I would not assault fortified lines. All looked to me to outflank." Consequently he gave the order which caused the slaughter of his troops before the impregnable defenses of Kenesaw. In the plan of battle, McPherson was to attack near Little Kenesaw and Thomas about a mile south. "On the 27th of June," says Sherman, "the two assaults were made at the time and in the manner prescribed, and both failed, costing us many valuable lives, among them those of Generals Harker and McCook, Colonel Rice and others badly wounded, our aggregate loss being nearly 3,000, while we inflicted comparatively little loss on the enemy, who lay behind his well-formed breastworks." Sherman believed that by a sacrifice he could break the Confederate line somewhere near the center, and, forcing in a strong column, overwhelm half of Johnston's army while the other was held in check by the remainder of his.
    The assault was made at 9 o'clock in the morning after a furious cannonade, and amid a musketry fire which extended along the whole front of ten miles. The brunt of the attack by McPherson was borne by the right and left of Loring's corps, and the force of Thomas' blow mainly fell upon the left of Hardee. On the right, next the railroad, the Twelfth Louisiana, deployed as skirmishers, held its ground until the enemy was within twenty-five paces, and then fell back to its brigade, Scott's of Featherston's division. The Federal troops in three lines, preceded by skirmishers, advanced steadily and met the fire of Scott's brigade and artillery in the flank, and, unable to advance, halted and remained under fire an hour before they would consent to fall back. A single line of Federal infantry attacked Wheeler and the skirmishers of Featherston's, Adams' and Quarles' brigades, all in rifle-pits, and it also failed, although a daring body of the enemy gained the rifle-pits in front of Quarles, where most were killed or captured. In this assault Logan lost seven regimental commanders.
    Confederate Military History, Vol. 6
    Clayton's division, unfortunately, through a confusion of orders, attacked consecutively by brigades, on the right, against the angle at Logan's left--first Gibson's brigade, then Baker's, both of which were repulsed with loss of half their numbers, including a number of gallant officers. Walthall, with the divisions of Reynolds and Cantey, attacked with great vigor and persistence, and lost 152 officers and nearly 1,000 men, considerably more than a third of his strength, without gaining any advantage. Quarles' brigade, his reserve, sent in next to Lee, lost 514, including all the regimental commanders but one. Twenty-nine line officers were killed or wounded. Reynolds reported a loss of 167 killed and wounded out of about 400 in action; Gholson's brigade, attached to Reynolds, lost 144 out of 450, and Youngblood's Georgia battalion, from Augusta, lost 9 out of 150.
    Confederate Military History, Vol. 7

    Brigadier-General George Doherty Johnston

    Before this he had been recommended for promotion by Gens. J. E. Johnston, Hood and Hindman. Now his promotion was again urged by Generals Bragg, Hood, Cheatham and Brown. Just four days after this battle he was commissioned brigadier-general, and received notice of it on July 28th. Three hours after being notified of this appointment his leg bone was fractured by a bullet, but, supporting the wounded limb in his bridle rein, he continued in command of the brigade (Deas') until exhausted. During the campaign into Tennessee he was on crutches much of the time. After General Quarles, commanding a brigade of Walthall's division, including the First Alabama, had been wounded at Franklin, General Johnston was assigned to that command, in which he served efficiently at Nashville. His brigade was one of those selected for the famous rear-guard of infantry, under Walthall, during the retreat. In 1865 he Was in the campaign of the Carolinas, still commanding Quarles' old brigade. On the second day of the battle of Bentonville he took command of Walthall's division and led it until the reorganization at Goldsboro, just before the surrender at Durham's Station, near Raleigh. When the surrender occurred he was on his way west to join Gen. Richard Taylor. At the return of peace he became a partner with John F. Vary in the practice of law at Marion, where he continued to reside until 1868. After that he lived for a while in Dallas county, and later at Tuscaloosa, as commandant at the State university.
    Confederate Military History, Vol. 8
    Brigadier-General William A. Quarles, when the Forty-second Tennessee was organized in 1861, was elected and commissioned its colonel. The regiment was placed in the army of Gen. Albert Sidney Johnson. and in February, 1862, was quartered at Clarksville, Tenn. On the 12th of February they received orders from Brigadier-General Pillow to go to Fort Donelson. The order was immediately obeyed, and going on board a transport they arrived next morning under a heavy fire. The companies were formed on the transport and marched off in regular order. In passing through the village of Dover, three men were wounded, one mortally, by the Federal shells. Then, assigned to Colonel Heiman's brigade, the regiment was thrown into the trenches. This was the introduction of these gallant men to the stern realities of war. On the 13th, 14th and 15th of February occurred the severest fighting at Donelson. Both superiors and subordinates bore testimony to the gallantry of Colonel Quarles in the trying' ordeal of this first battle. "In this attack," says Gen. Bushrod Johnson, speaking of the first assaults of the enemy, "Captain Maney's company of artillery and Colonels Abernathy's and Quarles' regiments principally suffered and deserve more particular notice." During the three days' fighting the conduct of Colonel Quarles was such that Lieut. T. McGinnis, acting adjutant of the Forty-second Tennessee, said in a note to General Buckner: "Before closing my report, I will call your attention to the cool and gallant conduct of Colonel Quarles. He was always at the head of his regiment, and set a gallant example for his officers and men." After being exchanged, Colonel Quarles was put in command of the Forty-second, Forty-sixth, Forty-eighth and Fifty-third Tennessee regiments, consolidated, and the Ninth Tennessee battalion, and assigned to Maxey's brigade, which with other troops was under command of Gen. Frank Gardner at Port Hudson. Maxey's brigade was transferred, at the beginning of the siege of Vicksburg, from Port Hudson to the command of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston at Jackson, Miss. On August 25, 1863, Colonel Quarles was promoted to brigadier-general, at that time being under the orders of Gen. Dabney H. Maury.
    Quarles' brigade was sent to Bragg in anticipation of the battle of Missionary Ridge, but did not reach him in time to share in that engagement. He was ordered back to Mississippi after it seemed certain that Bragg would not be attacked again at Dalton, but was returned to Georgia on the opening of the Atlanta campaign. During the long continued conflict from Dalton to Atlanta this brigade exhibited a steady bearing. At Pickett's mill, General Cleburne expressed to General Quarles and his brigade his thanks for timely assistance rendered. At the battle of Franklin, General Walthall reported: "Brigadier-General Quarles was severely wounded at the head of his brigade, within a short distance of the enemy's inner line, and all of his staff officers with him on the field were killed; and so heavy were the losses in his command that when the battle ended its officer highest in rank was a captain." After the war General Quarles made his home in C1arksville, Tenn., where he died December 28, 1893.
    The March To The Sea/Franklin And Nashville
    Chapter V.--Battle Of Franklin.
    On Casement's line, Walthall's and part of Loring's divisions made the assault, and as there was here no obstruction in front of the trench worth naming, the possibility of carrying such a line when properly held was fully tested. General John Adams led his brigade, tiding straight at the ditch, leaping it, and mounting the parapet, where his horse was killed astride of it, and he himself pitched headlong among Casement's men, mortally wounded. Scott, commanding another of Loring's brigades, was wounded. In Walthall's division not only had Quarles fallen in leading his brigade to the assault, but the loss of officers was so great that, at the close of the battle, a captain was the ranking officer in that brigade.(1) It was only when the last of Stewart's reserves had tried all that courage and dash could accomplish, that they relaxed their efforts. Some asked for quarter in the ditch, and came in as prisoners; some lay down in front of the hedge, and waited for darkness to enable them to crawl away undiscovered. The remainder fell back to a position near the extension of the line Wagner's brigades had occupied.
    Cleburne had led his division forward, on the east of the central turnpike, with a desperation that was born of the wounded feelings he had shown in the morning, and he fell among the first who were at the ditch when the rush of our reserves restored the line between the cotton-gin and the road. His three successive lines pressed forward to avenge his death, but only to leave a thousand gallant officers and men beside him. On the other flank, Bate had moved forward his division at the same time with Brown, deploying as he went. His left reached beyond the Carter's Creek road as he neared the intrenchments, but the shape of our lines, which there bent back to the river, made him travel on a large curve, and his assault was considerably later than Brown's. It struck the right of Ruger's division, and the left of Kimball's, but finding the works before him stoutly held, and that the cavalry which he expected to advance upon his flank were not doing so, his attack was not pressed as determinedly as that of Brown. The success which this division seemed to have at the first, and the fact that for some distance they continued to hold the outside of the works, encouraged them to the most desperate and persistent efforts there.
    The partial returns accessible seem to show clearly that no one of the divisions engaged (except Bate's), lost less than eight hundred, and that Brown's and Cleburne's, at the centre, and Loring's, on our left, lost much more heavily. The long list of general officers killed and wounded gives terrible significance to the recriminations which the affair at Spring Hill had excited. We have seen that Brown and all four (if his brigadiers were disabled or killed. In Cleburne's division, Granberry besides himself fell. In Loring's division they lost Generals John Adams and Scott. In French's, Cockrell; in Walthall's, Quarles; and in Johnson's, Manigault; twelve generals in all, besides Stafford, and a long list of colonels and field officers who succeeded to brigade commands.

    No where could I find the natures of either injuries.

    M. E. Wolf

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